Personality Correlates of Co-Witness Suggestibility

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined the relationship between co-witness suggestibility and individual differences in interpersonal characteristics. Participants (N=473) took part in an eyewitness simulation, five independent conditions were used to control for misinformation size. Using confederates, the researchers exposed participants to misinformation about the witnessed event, prior to collecting their statements. The participants then completed the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behaviour assessment (FIRO-B; Schutz, 1958), a measure of expressed and wanted control, affection, and inclusion. Results suggested that the wanted control dimension was an accurate predictor of co-witness suggestibility. Eyewitnesses who scored highly on Wanted Control, were significantly more likely to accept misinformation from co-witnesses; and were more likely to lose confidence in their own judgements, after a group discussion. In addition, the results suggest that the unanimity of misinformation, but not the size, had a significant influence on co-witness suggestibility.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice
Early online date8 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

witness
personality
behavior orientation
interpersonal relation
sympathy
group discussion
confidence
inclusion
simulation
event

Cite this

@article{a30ddba50fa34517b68713bf66b6e63f,
title = "Personality Correlates of Co-Witness Suggestibility",
abstract = "The present study examined the relationship between co-witness suggestibility and individual differences in interpersonal characteristics. Participants (N=473) took part in an eyewitness simulation, five independent conditions were used to control for misinformation size. Using confederates, the researchers exposed participants to misinformation about the witnessed event, prior to collecting their statements. The participants then completed the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behaviour assessment (FIRO-B; Schutz, 1958), a measure of expressed and wanted control, affection, and inclusion. Results suggested that the wanted control dimension was an accurate predictor of co-witness suggestibility. Eyewitnesses who scored highly on Wanted Control, were significantly more likely to accept misinformation from co-witnesses; and were more likely to lose confidence in their own judgements, after a group discussion. In addition, the results suggest that the unanimity of misinformation, but not the size, had a significant influence on co-witness suggestibility.",
keywords = "Conformity, Eyewitness suggestibility, FIRO-B, Individual differences, Interpersonal characteristics, Misinformation effect",
author = "Dara Mojtahedi and Maria Ioannou and Laura Hammond",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/24732850.2017.1358996",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice",
issn = "2473-2850",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality Correlates of Co-Witness Suggestibility

AU - Mojtahedi, Dara

AU - Ioannou, Maria

AU - Hammond, Laura

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The present study examined the relationship between co-witness suggestibility and individual differences in interpersonal characteristics. Participants (N=473) took part in an eyewitness simulation, five independent conditions were used to control for misinformation size. Using confederates, the researchers exposed participants to misinformation about the witnessed event, prior to collecting their statements. The participants then completed the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behaviour assessment (FIRO-B; Schutz, 1958), a measure of expressed and wanted control, affection, and inclusion. Results suggested that the wanted control dimension was an accurate predictor of co-witness suggestibility. Eyewitnesses who scored highly on Wanted Control, were significantly more likely to accept misinformation from co-witnesses; and were more likely to lose confidence in their own judgements, after a group discussion. In addition, the results suggest that the unanimity of misinformation, but not the size, had a significant influence on co-witness suggestibility.

AB - The present study examined the relationship between co-witness suggestibility and individual differences in interpersonal characteristics. Participants (N=473) took part in an eyewitness simulation, five independent conditions were used to control for misinformation size. Using confederates, the researchers exposed participants to misinformation about the witnessed event, prior to collecting their statements. The participants then completed the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behaviour assessment (FIRO-B; Schutz, 1958), a measure of expressed and wanted control, affection, and inclusion. Results suggested that the wanted control dimension was an accurate predictor of co-witness suggestibility. Eyewitnesses who scored highly on Wanted Control, were significantly more likely to accept misinformation from co-witnesses; and were more likely to lose confidence in their own judgements, after a group discussion. In addition, the results suggest that the unanimity of misinformation, but not the size, had a significant influence on co-witness suggestibility.

KW - Conformity

KW - Eyewitness suggestibility

KW - FIRO-B

KW - Individual differences

KW - Interpersonal characteristics

KW - Misinformation effect

U2 - 10.1080/24732850.2017.1358996

DO - 10.1080/24732850.2017.1358996

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice

JF - Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice

SN - 2473-2850

ER -