Phantom image elevation explained

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A subjective experiment was conducted to identify frequency bands that produce the effect of phantom image elevation. Subjects judged the perceived image regions of phantom centre images for a broadband pink noise burst and its octave bands with seven different loudspeaker base angles. The 500 Hz and 8 kHz bands were found to be the most effective bands for the perception of above image with the base angle of 180°. The role of acoustic crosstalks for the elevation effect was also examined using binaural stimuli created for the 180° angle. It was found that the elevation effect was significantly reduced when the crosstalks were removed or their delay times were manipulated to 0ms. Furthermore, the low frequency component of the crosstalk was found to produce greater elevation and externalisation effects than the high frequency component.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication141st Audio Engineering Society International Convention 2016, AES 2016
PublisherAudio Engineering Society
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event141st Audio Engineering Society International Convention - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 29 Sep 20162 Oct 2016
Conference number: 141 (Link to Conference Website)


Conference141st Audio Engineering Society International Convention
Abbreviated titleAES 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Internet address


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