Pharmacological properties of a new aziridinylbenzoquinone, RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone), in mice

P M Loadman, R M Phillips, Lissa E Lim, M C Bibby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxylmethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) has shown preferential activity against human tumour cell lines which express high levels of DTD (EC 1.6.99.2; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, NQO1, DT-diaphorase) and is a candidate for clinical trials. EO9 (3-hydroxy-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-[1H indole-4,7-dione]prop-beta-en-alpha-ol) is a known substrate for DTD but clinical trials were disappointing, as a result of rapid plasma clearance and reversible dose-limiting kidney toxicity. It is an obvious concern that RH1 does not exhibit the same limitations. We therefore describe the antitumour activity and pharmacology of RH1 in mice and compare its pharmacological characteristics to those of EO9. Significant antitumour activity (P = 0.01) was seen for RH1 (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) against the high DTD-expressing H460 human lung carcinoma. Pharmacokinetic analysis of RH1 in mice showed a t1/2 of 23 min with an area under the curve of 43.0 ng hr mL(-1) resulting in a calculated clearance of 5.1 mL min(-1), 10-fold slower than EO9. RH1 was also more stable than EO9 in murine blood, where the breakdown was thought to be DTD-related. NADH-dependent microsomal metabolism of RH1 and EO9 in both liver and kidney was slow (<100 pmol/min/g tissue), reflecting the low microsomal DTD expression (<35 nmol/mg/min). Liver cytosol metabolism was rapid for both compounds (>4500 pmol/min/g tissue), although DTD levels were low (21.4+/-0.6 nmol/mg/min). DTD activity in the kidney cytosol was high (125+/-8.2 nmol/mg/min) and EO9 was rapidly metabolised (4396+/-1678 pmol/min/g), but the metabolic rate for RH1 was 7-fold slower (608+/-86 pmol/min/g), even though RH1 was shown to be an excellent substrate for DTD (Vmax = 800 micromol/min/mg and a Km of 11.8 microM). The two DTD substrates RH1 and EO9 are clearly metabolised differently, suggesting that RH1 may have different pharmacological properties to those of EO9 in the clinic.

LanguageEnglish
Pages831-837
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

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apaziquone
Pharmacology
Kidney
NAD
Substrates
Clinical Trials
NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
Pharmacokinetics
2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone
Tumor Cell Line
Metabolism
Human Activities
Liver

Cite this

@article{69795dd22ed24bfdae8dbf61568c6a36,
title = "Pharmacological properties of a new aziridinylbenzoquinone, RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone), in mice",
abstract = "RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxylmethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) has shown preferential activity against human tumour cell lines which express high levels of DTD (EC 1.6.99.2; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, NQO1, DT-diaphorase) and is a candidate for clinical trials. EO9 (3-hydroxy-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-[1H indole-4,7-dione]prop-beta-en-alpha-ol) is a known substrate for DTD but clinical trials were disappointing, as a result of rapid plasma clearance and reversible dose-limiting kidney toxicity. It is an obvious concern that RH1 does not exhibit the same limitations. We therefore describe the antitumour activity and pharmacology of RH1 in mice and compare its pharmacological characteristics to those of EO9. Significant antitumour activity (P = 0.01) was seen for RH1 (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) against the high DTD-expressing H460 human lung carcinoma. Pharmacokinetic analysis of RH1 in mice showed a t1/2 of 23 min with an area under the curve of 43.0 ng hr mL(-1) resulting in a calculated clearance of 5.1 mL min(-1), 10-fold slower than EO9. RH1 was also more stable than EO9 in murine blood, where the breakdown was thought to be DTD-related. NADH-dependent microsomal metabolism of RH1 and EO9 in both liver and kidney was slow (<100 pmol/min/g tissue), reflecting the low microsomal DTD expression (<35 nmol/mg/min). Liver cytosol metabolism was rapid for both compounds (>4500 pmol/min/g tissue), although DTD levels were low (21.4+/-0.6 nmol/mg/min). DTD activity in the kidney cytosol was high (125+/-8.2 nmol/mg/min) and EO9 was rapidly metabolised (4396+/-1678 pmol/min/g), but the metabolic rate for RH1 was 7-fold slower (608+/-86 pmol/min/g), even though RH1 was shown to be an excellent substrate for DTD (Vmax = 800 micromol/min/mg and a Km of 11.8 microM). The two DTD substrates RH1 and EO9 are clearly metabolised differently, suggesting that RH1 may have different pharmacological properties to those of EO9 in the clinic.",
keywords = "Animals, Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacokinetics, Aziridines/pharmacokinetics, Benzoquinones/pharmacokinetics, Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor, Drug Stability, Humans, Indolequinones, Indoles/pharmacokinetics, Kinetics, Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy, Mice, NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)/metabolism, Neoplasm Transplantation",
author = "Loadman, {P M} and Phillips, {R M} and Lim, {Lissa E} and Bibby, {M C}",
year = "2000",
month = "4",
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doi = "10.1016/S0006-2952(99)00391-3",
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volume = "59",
pages = "831--837",
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Pharmacological properties of a new aziridinylbenzoquinone, RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone), in mice. / Loadman, P M; Phillips, R M; Lim, Lissa E; Bibby, M C.

In: Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 59, No. 7, 01.04.2000, p. 831-837.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pharmacological properties of a new aziridinylbenzoquinone, RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone), in mice

AU - Loadman, P M

AU - Phillips, R M

AU - Lim, Lissa E

AU - Bibby, M C

PY - 2000/4/1

Y1 - 2000/4/1

N2 - RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxylmethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) has shown preferential activity against human tumour cell lines which express high levels of DTD (EC 1.6.99.2; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, NQO1, DT-diaphorase) and is a candidate for clinical trials. EO9 (3-hydroxy-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-[1H indole-4,7-dione]prop-beta-en-alpha-ol) is a known substrate for DTD but clinical trials were disappointing, as a result of rapid plasma clearance and reversible dose-limiting kidney toxicity. It is an obvious concern that RH1 does not exhibit the same limitations. We therefore describe the antitumour activity and pharmacology of RH1 in mice and compare its pharmacological characteristics to those of EO9. Significant antitumour activity (P = 0.01) was seen for RH1 (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) against the high DTD-expressing H460 human lung carcinoma. Pharmacokinetic analysis of RH1 in mice showed a t1/2 of 23 min with an area under the curve of 43.0 ng hr mL(-1) resulting in a calculated clearance of 5.1 mL min(-1), 10-fold slower than EO9. RH1 was also more stable than EO9 in murine blood, where the breakdown was thought to be DTD-related. NADH-dependent microsomal metabolism of RH1 and EO9 in both liver and kidney was slow (<100 pmol/min/g tissue), reflecting the low microsomal DTD expression (<35 nmol/mg/min). Liver cytosol metabolism was rapid for both compounds (>4500 pmol/min/g tissue), although DTD levels were low (21.4+/-0.6 nmol/mg/min). DTD activity in the kidney cytosol was high (125+/-8.2 nmol/mg/min) and EO9 was rapidly metabolised (4396+/-1678 pmol/min/g), but the metabolic rate for RH1 was 7-fold slower (608+/-86 pmol/min/g), even though RH1 was shown to be an excellent substrate for DTD (Vmax = 800 micromol/min/mg and a Km of 11.8 microM). The two DTD substrates RH1 and EO9 are clearly metabolised differently, suggesting that RH1 may have different pharmacological properties to those of EO9 in the clinic.

AB - RH1 (2,5-diaziridinyl-3-(hydroxylmethyl)-6-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) has shown preferential activity against human tumour cell lines which express high levels of DTD (EC 1.6.99.2; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, NQO1, DT-diaphorase) and is a candidate for clinical trials. EO9 (3-hydroxy-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-[1H indole-4,7-dione]prop-beta-en-alpha-ol) is a known substrate for DTD but clinical trials were disappointing, as a result of rapid plasma clearance and reversible dose-limiting kidney toxicity. It is an obvious concern that RH1 does not exhibit the same limitations. We therefore describe the antitumour activity and pharmacology of RH1 in mice and compare its pharmacological characteristics to those of EO9. Significant antitumour activity (P = 0.01) was seen for RH1 (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) against the high DTD-expressing H460 human lung carcinoma. Pharmacokinetic analysis of RH1 in mice showed a t1/2 of 23 min with an area under the curve of 43.0 ng hr mL(-1) resulting in a calculated clearance of 5.1 mL min(-1), 10-fold slower than EO9. RH1 was also more stable than EO9 in murine blood, where the breakdown was thought to be DTD-related. NADH-dependent microsomal metabolism of RH1 and EO9 in both liver and kidney was slow (<100 pmol/min/g tissue), reflecting the low microsomal DTD expression (<35 nmol/mg/min). Liver cytosol metabolism was rapid for both compounds (>4500 pmol/min/g tissue), although DTD levels were low (21.4+/-0.6 nmol/mg/min). DTD activity in the kidney cytosol was high (125+/-8.2 nmol/mg/min) and EO9 was rapidly metabolised (4396+/-1678 pmol/min/g), but the metabolic rate for RH1 was 7-fold slower (608+/-86 pmol/min/g), even though RH1 was shown to be an excellent substrate for DTD (Vmax = 800 micromol/min/mg and a Km of 11.8 microM). The two DTD substrates RH1 and EO9 are clearly metabolised differently, suggesting that RH1 may have different pharmacological properties to those of EO9 in the clinic.

KW - Animals

KW - Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacokinetics

KW - Aziridines/pharmacokinetics

KW - Benzoquinones/pharmacokinetics

KW - Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

KW - Drug Stability

KW - Humans

KW - Indolequinones

KW - Indoles/pharmacokinetics

KW - Kinetics

KW - Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy

KW - Mice

KW - NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)/metabolism

KW - Neoplasm Transplantation

U2 - 10.1016/S0006-2952(99)00391-3

DO - 10.1016/S0006-2952(99)00391-3

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 831

EP - 837

JO - Biochemical Pharmacology

T2 - Biochemical Pharmacology

JF - Biochemical Pharmacology

SN - 0006-2952

IS - 7

ER -