Pharmacy practice and continuing professional development in low and middle income countries (LMICs)

Amy Hai Yan Chan, Rula Darwish, Saba Shamim, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Globally, there is an increasing burden from both communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The effects of these disproportionately impact low and middle income countries (LMICs) where health systems struggle to meet the demands brought about from NCDs. These long-term health conditions have increased rapidly over the last decade, leading to a double burden of disease from both NCDs and communicable diseases [1]. LMICs also face an increasing rise in the use of antimicrobials, and the presence of substandard and falsified medicines [1], which further contributes to antimicrobial resistance, and affects health outcomes in LMICs [2,3]. This increasing prevalence of health conditions requires management with complex medication regimens. Pharmacists are well-placed to provide medicines expertise to manage these needs and regimens. Having a pharmacy workforce that is able to provide clinical support for patients has also been shown to improve health outcomes [4,5]. However, to achieve this, there is a need to ensure that pharmacists have access to appropriate, up-to-date education and training to support the delivery of evidence-based pharmaceutical care. The need for diversified, advanced pharmacy education is recognized internationally [6-8], yet in many LMICs there is limited capacity and experience to develop such training.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPharmacy Practice Research Case Studies
EditorsZaheer-Ud-Din Babar
Place of PublicationUnited States
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780128193792
ISBN (Print)9780128193785
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2021


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  • Pharmacy Practice Research Case Studies

    Babar, Z-U-D. (ed.), 19 Feb 2021, 1st ed. Elsevier Inc. 276 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review

  • Pharmacy services and pharmacy practice research in Ukraine

    Zimenkovsky, A., Sekh, M. & Babar, Z-U-D., 19 Feb 2021, Pharmacy Practice Research Case Studies. Babar, Z-U-D. (ed.). 1st ed. United States: Elsevier Inc., p. 85-109 25 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

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