Poor adherence to lifestyle recommendations in patients with coronary heart disease: results from EUROASPIRE surveys

Dirk De Bacquer, Felicity Astin, Kornelia Kotseva, Nana Pogosova, Delphine De Smedt, Guy De Backer, Lars Ryden, David Wood, Catriona Jennings

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Despite the high use of cardioprotective medications, the risk factor control in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) is still inadequate. Guidelines identify healthy lifestyles as equally important in secondary prevention as pharmacotherapy. Here we describe reasons for poor lifestyle adherence from the patient’s perspective.
In the EUROASPIRE IV and V surveys, 16,259 CHD patients were examined and interviewed during a study visit ≥ 6 months after hospital discharge. Data gathering was fully standardized. The Brief Illness Perception questionnaire was completed by a subsample of 2,379 patients.
Half of those smoking prior to hospital admission were still smoking; 37% of current smokers had not attempted to quit and 51% was not considering to do so. The prevalence of obesity was 38%. Half of obese patients tried to lose weight in the past month and 61% considered weight loss in the following month. In relation to physical activity, 40% was on target with half of patients trying to do more everyday activities. Less than half had the intention to engage in planned exercise. Only 29% of all patients was at goal for all three lifestyle factors. The number of adverse lifestyles was strongly related to the way patients perceive their illness as threatening. Lifestyle modifications were more successful in those having participated in a cardiac rehabilitation and prevention programme. Patients indicated lack of self-confidence as the main barrier to change their unhealthy behaviour.
Modern secondary prevention programmes should target behavioural change in all patients with adverse lifestyles
Original languageEnglish
Article numberzwab115
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Early online date19 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jul 2021


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