Positive Selection in East Asians for an EDAR Allele that Enhances NF-kB Activation

Jarosław Bryk, Emilie Hardouin, Irina Pugach, David Hughes, Rainer Strotmann, Mark Stoneking, Sean Myles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genome-wide scans for positive selection in humans provide a promising approach to establish links between genetic variants and adaptive phenotypes. From this approach, lists of hundreds of candidate genomic regions for positive selection have been assembled. These candidate regions are expected to contain variants that contribute to adaptive phenotypes, but few of these regions have been associated with phenotypic effects. Here we present evidence that a derived nonsynonymous substitution (370A) in EDAR, a gene involved in ectodermal development, was driven to high frequency in East Asia by positive selection prior to 10,000 years ago. With an in vitro transfection assay, we demonstrate that 370A enhances NF-κB activity. Out results suggest that 370A is a positively selected functional genetic variant that underlies an adaptive human phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2209
Number of pages6
JournalPLoS One
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2008
Externally publishedYes

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transcription factor NF-kappa B
NF-kappa B
Genes
Chemical activation
Alleles
alleles
Phenotype
phenotype
Assays
Substitution reactions
Far East
transfection
East Asia
Transfection
Genome
genomics
genome
assays
genes

Cite this

Bryk, J., Hardouin, E., Pugach, I., Hughes, D., Strotmann, R., Stoneking, M., & Myles, S. (2008). Positive Selection in East Asians for an EDAR Allele that Enhances NF-kB Activation. PLoS One, 3(5), [e2209]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002209
Bryk, Jarosław ; Hardouin, Emilie ; Pugach, Irina ; Hughes, David ; Strotmann, Rainer ; Stoneking, Mark ; Myles, Sean. / Positive Selection in East Asians for an EDAR Allele that Enhances NF-kB Activation. In: PLoS One. 2008 ; Vol. 3, No. 5.
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Bryk, J, Hardouin, E, Pugach, I, Hughes, D, Strotmann, R, Stoneking, M & Myles, S 2008, 'Positive Selection in East Asians for an EDAR Allele that Enhances NF-kB Activation', PLoS One, vol. 3, no. 5, e2209. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002209

Positive Selection in East Asians for an EDAR Allele that Enhances NF-kB Activation. / Bryk, Jarosław; Hardouin, Emilie; Pugach, Irina; Hughes, David; Strotmann, Rainer; Stoneking, Mark; Myles, Sean.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 3, No. 5, e2209, 21.05.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Stoneking, Mark

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AB - Genome-wide scans for positive selection in humans provide a promising approach to establish links between genetic variants and adaptive phenotypes. From this approach, lists of hundreds of candidate genomic regions for positive selection have been assembled. These candidate regions are expected to contain variants that contribute to adaptive phenotypes, but few of these regions have been associated with phenotypic effects. Here we present evidence that a derived nonsynonymous substitution (370A) in EDAR, a gene involved in ectodermal development, was driven to high frequency in East Asia by positive selection prior to 10,000 years ago. With an in vitro transfection assay, we demonstrate that 370A enhances NF-κB activity. Out results suggest that 370A is a positively selected functional genetic variant that underlies an adaptive human phenotype.

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Bryk J, Hardouin E, Pugach I, Hughes D, Strotmann R, Stoneking M et al. Positive Selection in East Asians for an EDAR Allele that Enhances NF-kB Activation. PLoS One. 2008 May 21;3(5). e2209. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002209