### Abstract

A dual sensor conductance probe was used to measure the distributions of the local gas volume fraction and the local gas axial velocity in vertical upward, bubby air-water flows in which the mean gas volume fraction was less than 0.1. Very limited data are available in the literature for such low volume fraction flows. The measured local gas volume fraction and velocity distributions were approximated by power law functions. The power law exponents associated with the measured local gas volume fraction profiles were found to be up to 30% higher than values predicted in the literature. The power law exponents associated with the measured local gas velocity profiles were also found to be somewhat higher than values predicted in the literature. The power law exponents for the measured local gas volume fraction and local axial gas velocity distributions at a given flow condition were combined to obtain an estimate of the 'Zuber-Findlay' distribution parameter C_{0} at that flow condition. The mean value of C_{0} for all of the flow conditions investigated was 1.09. This value of C_{0} was found to give good agreement with the gradient of a plot of the mean gas velocity ū_{g} versus the homogeneous velocity u_{h}, where ū_{g} and u_{h} were obtained from reference measurements. This agreement is evidence for the good accuracy of the measured volume fraction and velocity profiles. Finally, the paper casts doubt upon previously published criteria regarding the optimum axial sensor separation in dual sensor probes.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 271-283 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Flow Measurement and Instrumentation |

Volume | 15 |

Issue number | 5-6 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Oct 2004 |

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*Flow Measurement and Instrumentation*,

*15*(5-6), 271-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2004.06.004

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*Flow Measurement and Instrumentation*, vol. 15, no. 5-6, pp. 271-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2004.06.004

**Power law approximations to gas volume fraction and velocity profiles in low void fraction vertical gas - Liquid flows.** / Lucas, G. P.; Mishra, R.; Panayotopoulos, N.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Power law approximations to gas volume fraction and velocity profiles in low void fraction vertical gas - Liquid flows

AU - Lucas, G. P.

AU - Mishra, R.

AU - Panayotopoulos, N.

PY - 2004/10/1

Y1 - 2004/10/1

N2 - A dual sensor conductance probe was used to measure the distributions of the local gas volume fraction and the local gas axial velocity in vertical upward, bubby air-water flows in which the mean gas volume fraction was less than 0.1. Very limited data are available in the literature for such low volume fraction flows. The measured local gas volume fraction and velocity distributions were approximated by power law functions. The power law exponents associated with the measured local gas volume fraction profiles were found to be up to 30% higher than values predicted in the literature. The power law exponents associated with the measured local gas velocity profiles were also found to be somewhat higher than values predicted in the literature. The power law exponents for the measured local gas volume fraction and local axial gas velocity distributions at a given flow condition were combined to obtain an estimate of the 'Zuber-Findlay' distribution parameter C0 at that flow condition. The mean value of C0 for all of the flow conditions investigated was 1.09. This value of C0 was found to give good agreement with the gradient of a plot of the mean gas velocity ūg versus the homogeneous velocity uh, where ūg and uh were obtained from reference measurements. This agreement is evidence for the good accuracy of the measured volume fraction and velocity profiles. Finally, the paper casts doubt upon previously published criteria regarding the optimum axial sensor separation in dual sensor probes.

AB - A dual sensor conductance probe was used to measure the distributions of the local gas volume fraction and the local gas axial velocity in vertical upward, bubby air-water flows in which the mean gas volume fraction was less than 0.1. Very limited data are available in the literature for such low volume fraction flows. The measured local gas volume fraction and velocity distributions were approximated by power law functions. The power law exponents associated with the measured local gas volume fraction profiles were found to be up to 30% higher than values predicted in the literature. The power law exponents associated with the measured local gas velocity profiles were also found to be somewhat higher than values predicted in the literature. The power law exponents for the measured local gas volume fraction and local axial gas velocity distributions at a given flow condition were combined to obtain an estimate of the 'Zuber-Findlay' distribution parameter C0 at that flow condition. The mean value of C0 for all of the flow conditions investigated was 1.09. This value of C0 was found to give good agreement with the gradient of a plot of the mean gas velocity ūg versus the homogeneous velocity uh, where ūg and uh were obtained from reference measurements. This agreement is evidence for the good accuracy of the measured volume fraction and velocity profiles. Finally, the paper casts doubt upon previously published criteria regarding the optimum axial sensor separation in dual sensor probes.

KW - Gas velocity

KW - Volume fraction profiles

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=6444220079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2004.06.004

DO - 10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2004.06.004

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 271

EP - 283

JO - Flow Measurement and Instrumentation

JF - Flow Measurement and Instrumentation

SN - 0955-5986

IS - 5-6

ER -