Predicting Oncotype DX Recurrence Scores using locally available immunohistochemical markers: Experience in a District General Hospital

Katherine Humphris, John Stephenson, Vidya Kumaraswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims Oncotype DX testing is a reliable widely used gene assay to determine whether chemotherapy is of additional value in oestrogen receptor (ER) positive Human Epidermal Growth Factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative, node negative breast cancer, but the high cost of the test can be a barrier for optimal therapy guidance for a substantial proportion of eligible patients around the world. We aimed to determine whether the commonly available immunohistochemical markers Ki67 and progesterone receptor (PR) can predict Oncotype DX Recurrence Score (RS) scores in a district general hospital setting.Methods The Oncotype DX RS scores from 58 tumours were regressed against corrected Ki67 values in a simple regression model, and against ER-derived and PR-derived indices and corrected Ki67 values in a multiple model. Model portability was assessed using leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV).Results All terms in both regression models were significantly associated with RS scores at the 5% significance level (p<0.001 for all parameters). The multiple model was a better fit to the data (adjusted R2=0.784), and performed better under LOOCV (root mean square error=7.26), suggesting good predictive capability and model portability.Conclusions Locally available, cheaper alternatives to multigene assays to determine therapy in ER positive HER2 negative patients is of benefit both from patient management and financial perspectives. A model has been derived with high capability to predict RS scores accurately from linear combinations of predictive biomarkers in a district general hospital setting, which should show good properties when applied to other samples.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Pathology
Early online date13 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Dec 2021

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