Predicting Stock Market Performance: The Influence of Gender and Personality on Financial Decision Making

Thomas Plieger, Thomas Grünhage, Éilish Duke, Martin Reuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gender and personality traits influence risk proneness in the context of financial decisions. However, most studies on this topic have relied on either self-report data or on artificial measures of financial risk-taking behavior. Our study aimed to identify relevant trading behaviors and personal characteristics related to trading success. N = 108 Caucasians took part in a three-week stock market simulation paradigm, in which they traded shares of eight fictional companies that differed in issue price, volatility, and outcome. Participants also completed questionnaires measuring personality, risk-taking behavior, and life stress. Our model showed that being male and scoring high on self-directedness led to more risky financial behavior, which in turn positively predicted success in the stock market simulation. The total model explained 39% of the variance in trading success, indicating a role for other factors in influencing trading behavior. Future studies should try to enrich our model to get a more accurate impression of the associations between individual characteristics and financially successful behavior in context of stock trading.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Individual Differences
Early online date23 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jul 2020

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