Prediction of Ground-Borne Vibration Generated at Railway Crossings Using a Hybrid Model

Evangelos Ntotsios, Dimitrios Kostovasilis, David J. Thompson, Giacomo Squicciarini, Yann Bezin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Railway crossings are an important source of localized ground vibration. Models are required for identifying ways to tackle unacceptable levels of vibration from existing as well as future railway lines. Yet, the use of a prediction model that directly allows for the non-Hertzian wheel-rail contact dynamics and also includes three dimensional calculations of the ground response would be computationally expensive. In order to reduce the computational cost without affecting the accuracy of the predictions, a hybrid approach is proposed for the prediction of ground-borne vibration due to impacts at railway crossings. The approach combines the simulation of the vertical wheel-rail contact force in the time domain and the prediction of ground vibration levels in the far field using a linear wavenumber-frequency-domain approach. The proposed hybrid approach is used to investigate the influence of different vehicle speeds, crossing designs and wheel profiles on predicted ground vibration levels in the free field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNoise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Railway Noise, 16-20 September 2019, Ghent, Belgium
EditorsGeert Degrande, Geert Lombaert, David Anderson, Paul de Vos, Pierre-Etienne Gautier, Masanobu Iida, James Tuman Nelson, Jens C. O. Nielson, David J. Thompson, Thorsten Tielkes, David A. Towers
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Number of pages9
Volume150 NNFM
ISBN (Electronic)9783030702892
ISBN (Print)9783030702885, 9783030702915
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2021
Event13th International Workshop on Railway Noise: Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 16 Sep 201920 Sep 2019
Conference number: 13

Publication series

NameNotes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Volume150 NNFM
ISSN (Print)1612-2909
ISSN (Electronic)1860-0824


Conference13th International Workshop on Railway Noise
Abbreviated titleIWRN13
Internet address


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