Predictors of intimate partner violence among women of reproductive age group from Rwanda

Russell Kabir, Richard Hayhoe, Haniya Zehra Syed, Ancy Chandrababu Mercy Bai, Brijesh Sathian, Ilias Mahmud, Rajeeb Sah, Divya Vinnakota

Research output: Working paperPreprint


Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is an important global health and human rights concern, with significant prevalence in Rwanda. This study aimed to identify predictors of IPV among women of reproductive age in Rwanda, providing essential insights for targeted interventions.

Data from the Rwanda Demographic Health and Survey 2019-20, a nationally representative survey, were analyzed. The study included 14,634 women aged 15-49. Descriptive statistics, chi-square analysis to check the experiences of IPV by background characteristics of the women and logistic regression were used to explore associations between background characteristics and IPV.

The study revealed that women's educational status, wealth index, witnessing parental violence, husband or partner's drinking habit, and fear of husbands or partners were significantly associated with IPV. Women with higher education and those from wealthier households were less likely to experience IPV. In contrast, women whose partners consumed alcohol and those who feared their partners faced higher risks of IPV.

This study highlights the importance of addressing social determinants such as education, economic status, and alcohol consumption patterns in efforts to reduce IPV in Rwanda. The findings show up the urgency of comprehensive interventions and policies aimed at promoting gender equality and preventing intimate partner violence.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherRoutledge Open Research
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2023

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