Preparation of porous PCL-PEG-PCL scaffolds using supercritical carbon dioxide

Farzin Hadizadeh, Elham Khodaverdi, Fatemeh Oroojalian, Pouria Rahmanian-Devin, S. Hassan M. Hashemi, Negar Omidkhah, Kofi Asare-Addo, Ali Nokhodchi, Hossein Kamali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (scCO2) gas foaming procedure was used in the preparation of scaffolds containing the model drug dexamethasone (DXMT). The method used did not include an organic solvent thus making it a safe method. The ring-opening polymerization of PCL-PEG-PCL (PCEC) triblock was conducted using an organocatalyst [1,8 diazabicyclo [5.4.0] undec-7-ene (DBU)]. After mixing 5.0 g of DXMT with 50.0 g of PCEC, hydraulic pressure was applied to compress the mixed powder into disc-like tablets. The tablet-like scaffold of the triblock containing DXMT was inserted into a scCO2 gas-foaming device. The peak porosity percentage of the synthesized triblock was found to be 55.58 %. Pressure, temperature, soaking time and the time required to depressurize were recorded as 198 bar, 50 °C, 2.0 h, and 28 min respectively. After treatment with scCO2, the scaffolds experienced an almost full release of DXMT in vitro after 30 days (83.74±1.54 % vs. 52.24±2.03 % before scCO2 treatment). In conclusion, the results proved that the scCO2 gas foaming procedure could be employed for constructing modifiable PCEC scaffolds with plausible porosity and structural and morphological features which can manipulate drug release.
Original languageEnglish
Article number122507
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Early online date28 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2023


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