Procurement of medicines to treat cancer, 2015–2020, China

Mengyuan Pan, Shuchen Hu, Jieqiong Zhang, Cheng Xiang, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Caijun Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the procurement of medicines to treat cancer in China.
Methods: We conducted a descriptive analysis of the national procurement data for 20 anti-cancer medicines in China from 2015 to 2020. We estimated the number of defined daily doses procured per year in three areas of China for essential medicines and medicines for targeted therapies. We adjusted the data by the number of cancer patients in each region for each year.
Findings: Between 2015 and 2020, the number of defined daily doses per patient decreased from 40.87 to 35.86 (−12.26%) for essential medicines, while the number increased from 0.85 to 12.52 (1372.94%) for target medicines. The procurement of three out of 10 essential medicines decreased, whereas procurement of all 10 targeted medicines increased. In 2020, the eastern area procured the most essential medicines (44.98 doses per patient) and targeted medicines (16.55 doses per patient), but had the smallest relative change in procurement of both essential medicines (−22.77%) and targeted medicines (981.70%). The central area had the largest increase in procurement of both essential medicines (9.64%; from 25.25 to 27.68 doses per patient) and targeted medicines (4587.81%; from 0.23 to 10.64 doses per patient).
Conclusion: Procurement of anti-cancer medicines varied across regions. Specific policies are needed at the national level to eliminate inequalities in access to these medicines. Two issues that need attention are the lower access to many essential anti-cancer medicines in some provinces and the increase in use of targeted medicines.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 12 Sep 2022

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