Production and characterization of biodiesel from Nigerian mango seed oil

Musa Umaru, Ibrahim A. Mohammed, M. M. Sadiq, A. M. Aliyu, B. Suleiman, Talabi Segun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Feedstock costs accounts for the larger percentage of biodiesel production cost. The use of less expensive feedstock and optimization of the process variables that affect the yield presents the opportunity of significantly reduction of this cost. This paper investigates the effect of temperature and catalyst concentration on the transesterification of Mango (Magnifera indica) seed oil with methanol using potassium hydroxide as catalyst. The biodiesel produced was characterized to ascertain its suitability for use as fuel. Results obtained showed that increase in temperature result in corresponding increase in the biodiesel yield. A yield of 83% wt was obtained at an optimum temperature of 60 °C. A similar trend was observed on the effect of catalyst concentration, with the optimum being 80%wt at 1% w/v. Analysis of the biodiesel produced showed consistency with the threshold standard values quoted by ASTM and EN for biodiesel and fossil diesel. This signifies that the biodiesel produced from mango seed is of good quality and can be used to consolidate the fossil based diesel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Congress on Engineering, WCE 2014
EditorsS. I. Ao, Len Gelman, David Hukins, Andrew Hunter, A. M. Korsunsky
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages645-649
Number of pages5
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9789881925275
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventWorld Congress on Engineering - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 2 Jul 20144 Jul 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science
Volume1
ISSN (Print)2078-0958

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Engineering
Abbreviated titleWCE 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period2/07/144/07/14

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  • Cite this

    Umaru, M., Mohammed, I. A., Sadiq, M. M., Aliyu, A. M., Suleiman, B., & Segun, T. (2014). Production and characterization of biodiesel from Nigerian mango seed oil. In S. I. Ao, L. Gelman, D. Hukins, A. Hunter, & A. M. Korsunsky (Eds.), World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2014 (Vol. 1, pp. 645-649). (Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science; Vol. 1). Newswood Limited.