Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links

Ayman Attya, Olimpo Anaya-Lara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The high penetration levels of wind power will obligate wind farms to contribute to the mitigation of frequency drops. Comprehensive case studies are presented to investigate the different methods of frequency support provision by wind power. The implemented test system is composed of an offshore wind farm connected to an external grid through a point-to-point HVDC link. Three different frequency support methods are compared; droop de-loading, battery storage banks and a mix between the two methods. Moreover, two different methods of sensing the frequency drop, at the point of common coupling, by the wind farm are examined. The impact of the HVDC is highlighted, especially its role to transmit the power surge provided by the wind farm. A modified de-loading controller is developed and integrated to all the wind turbines, according to the executed case studies. Results show that the proposed frequency support solutions have almost similar impact on the natural frequency response at the point of common coupling. The HVDC link does not worsen the frequency response, and the fluctuations in voltage levels at onshore and offshore buses are very minor. DIGsILENT PowerFactory is integrated as a simulation environment
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)9781785613012
ISBN (Print)9781785613005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation - Savoy Place, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 21 Sep 201622 Sep 2016
Conference number: 5
http://www.wikicfp.com/cfp/servlet/event.showcfp?eventid=45651 (Link to Conference Information)

Conference

Conference5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation
Abbreviated titleRPG 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period21/09/1622/09/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

Offshore wind farms
Wind power
Frequency response
Wind turbines
Natural frequencies
Controllers
Electric potential

Cite this

Attya, A., & Anaya-Lara, O. (2016). Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links. In 5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016 IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1049/cp.2016.0538
Attya, Ayman ; Anaya-Lara, Olimpo. / Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links. 5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016. IEEE, 2016.
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title = "Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links",
abstract = "The high penetration levels of wind power will obligate wind farms to contribute to the mitigation of frequency drops. Comprehensive case studies are presented to investigate the different methods of frequency support provision by wind power. The implemented test system is composed of an offshore wind farm connected to an external grid through a point-to-point HVDC link. Three different frequency support methods are compared; droop de-loading, battery storage banks and a mix between the two methods. Moreover, two different methods of sensing the frequency drop, at the point of common coupling, by the wind farm are examined. The impact of the HVDC is highlighted, especially its role to transmit the power surge provided by the wind farm. A modified de-loading controller is developed and integrated to all the wind turbines, according to the executed case studies. Results show that the proposed frequency support solutions have almost similar impact on the natural frequency response at the point of common coupling. The HVDC link does not worsen the frequency response, and the fluctuations in voltage levels at onshore and offshore buses are very minor. DIGsILENT PowerFactory is integrated as a simulation environment",
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Attya, A & Anaya-Lara, O 2016, Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links. in 5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016. IEEE, 5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation, London, United Kingdom, 21/09/16. https://doi.org/10.1049/cp.2016.0538

Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links. / Attya, Ayman; Anaya-Lara, Olimpo.

5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016. IEEE, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The high penetration levels of wind power will obligate wind farms to contribute to the mitigation of frequency drops. Comprehensive case studies are presented to investigate the different methods of frequency support provision by wind power. The implemented test system is composed of an offshore wind farm connected to an external grid through a point-to-point HVDC link. Three different frequency support methods are compared; droop de-loading, battery storage banks and a mix between the two methods. Moreover, two different methods of sensing the frequency drop, at the point of common coupling, by the wind farm are examined. The impact of the HVDC is highlighted, especially its role to transmit the power surge provided by the wind farm. A modified de-loading controller is developed and integrated to all the wind turbines, according to the executed case studies. Results show that the proposed frequency support solutions have almost similar impact on the natural frequency response at the point of common coupling. The HVDC link does not worsen the frequency response, and the fluctuations in voltage levels at onshore and offshore buses are very minor. DIGsILENT PowerFactory is integrated as a simulation environment

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Attya A, Anaya-Lara O. Provision of frequency support by offshore wind farms connected via HVDC links. In 5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016. IEEE. 2016 https://doi.org/10.1049/cp.2016.0538