Provision of Frequency Support by Wind Power Plants: Assessment of Compliance with Grid Codes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper implements and compares, from the
compliance with grid code viewpoint, between the key concepts to
enable wind power short-term frequency support using direct
and indirect methods. The supplementary controllers that could
be integrated into the wind turbine represent the direct methods.
Meanwhile the indirect method is the integration of battery
energy storage systems (BESS) to provide this crucial service.
These methods are widely investigated in the literature where
pitch de-loading is the main concept applied to provide direct
frequency support, and the concept of kinetic energy (KE)
extraction is also considered. The paper exploits the compliance
with a certain generic Grid Code. The compliance tests are
executed under different patterns of incident wind speed,
including intermittent wind of high time resolution
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538647226
ISBN (Print)9781538647233
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2019
EventIEEE Power and Energy Society PowerTech Conference 2019 - Milano, Italy
Duration: 23 Jun 201927 Jun 2019
Conference number: 10th


ConferenceIEEE Power and Energy Society PowerTech Conference 2019


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