Psychopathic Personality Traits Model (PPTM): A New Approach to Defining Psychopathy

Daniel Boduszek, Agata Debowska, Dominic Willmott

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The Psychopathic Personality Traits Model (PPTM) offers an alternative psychopathy assessment based on personality traits that consists of four dimensions, including affective responsiveness, cognitive responsiveness, interpersonal manipulation, and egocentricity. It is also conceptualized that intelligence levels moderate that relationship between the aforementioned psychopathic traits and behavioral outcomes. Importantly, while antisocial/criminal tendencies/behaviors may constitute one possible expression of psychopathy, they are not treated as integral to psychopathy construct within the newly developed framework. Using this personality approach to psychopathy assessment, we demonstrated that the prevalence of psychopathy among individuals incarcerated in medium and maximum security prisons amounts to approximately 7 percent of the total prison population and hence is much lower than previously speculated, comparable with the prevalence found among non-forensic adult samples. It is recommended that both researchers and practitioners re-evaluate the previously utilized conceptualization of psychopathy and assessment methods. Additionally, psychopathy measures which index behavioral traits and rely on cut-off points for total scale ratings should be used with caution in clinical settings.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime
EditorsMatt DeLisi
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter14
Pages216-224
Number of pages9
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781315111476
ISBN (Print)9781138085169, 9780367580575
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameRoutledge International Handbooks
PublisherRoutledge

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