Psychosocial correlates of recidivism in a sample of ex-prisoners: the role of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder

Daniel Boduszek, Rachel Belsher, Katie Dhingra, Maria Ioannou

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed to (a) examine the role of Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and Conduct disorder (CD) in predicting recidivism, while controlling for childhood arrest, perceived neighbourhood crime frequency, alcohol consumption, age and gender, and (b) explore the relevance of these factors in predicting risk of recidivism for males and females separately. Participants were 669 ex-prisoners identified in the National Survey of American Life. Results revealed that gender, CD and average daily alcohol consumption predicted recidivism. When separate models were estimated for males and females, only average daily alcohol consumption was predictive of female recidivism. By comparison, recidivism was significantly predicted in males by CD in youth and childhood arrest. ODD was also negatively associated with recidivism in males. Consequently, targeting variables identified as significant predictors of recidivism for both males and females, or males, is unlikely to be an optimal way of reducing repeat offending.

LanguageEnglish
Pages61-76
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Conduct Disorder
Prisoners
Alcohol Drinking
Crime

Cite this

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