Public Attitudes Towards Offenders with Mental Illness Scale (PATOMI): Establishing a Valid Tool to Measure Public Perceptions

Samantha Marie Walkden, Michelle Rogerson, Derrol Kola-palmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper focuses on investigating public attitudes towards mentally disordered offenders (MDOs), by considering if the Police and Community Attitudes towards Offenders with Mental Illness (PACAMI-O; Glendinning and O’Keeffe in J Mental Health Train Educ Pract 10(2):73–84, 2015) is a valid tool. An opportunity sample of the general public (N = 504) read a fictional vignette depicting an individual with schizophrenia, then answered the PACAMI-O. An exploratory factor analysis revealed a 4 factor solution: Social distance & location of Services, Mental Health Spending, Attitudes towards Psychiatric Facilities and Community Acceptance. The results suggested that 12 items in the PACAMI-O did not contribute towards measuring public attitudes. Therefore 28 items were retained for the new, more concise, valid scale; Public Attitudes towards Offenders with Mental Illness (PATOMI). PATOMI can be used in future research to effectively assess public attitudes. Application, limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Early online date8 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jun 2020

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