Pyridyl-thiazole multidentate ligands: Metal-specific recognition of a combination of ligands from a mixture

C.R. Rice, C.J. Baylies, L.P. Harding, J.C. Jeffery, R.L. Paul, M.D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Comparison of the crystal structures of the dinuclear double helicates [M2(L1)2][ClO4]4 (M = Ni, Zn; L1 is a potentially hexadentate ligand containing a py–th–py–py–th–py sequence, where ‘py’ denotes pyridyl and ‘th’ denotes thiazolyl) illustrates how L1 can show two different coordination modes: in [Zn2(L1)2][ClO4]4 the ligands L1 are bis-bidentate chelates (via the terminal py–th fragments, with the central bipyridyl unit not coordinated) such that the metal ions are four-coordinate, whereas in [Ni2(L1)2][ClO4]4 the ligand coordinates in a more usual bis-terdentate manner such that the metal ions are six-coordinate. Reaction of Ni(II), Cu(II) or Zn(II) salts with a 1 ∶ 1 mixture of the potentially hexadentate ligands L1 and L2 (where L2 contains a phen–th–th–phen sequence, ‘phen’ denoting a 1,10-phenanthroline unit) afforded in each case a mixture of helical complexes [M2(L1)2]4+, [M2(L1)(L2)]4+ and [M2(L2)2]4+ in different proportions according to the preferences of the different metal ions for different coordination numbers, and the actual denticity of the ligand. For example the mixed-ligand complex [M2(L1)(L2)]4+ was formed to the same extent (ca. 50%) for M = Ni and M = Cu, but hardly at all for M = Zn, indicating that self–self ligand recognition operates during assembly of L1 and L2 with Zn(II) such that the homoleptic complexes [Zn2(L1)2]4+ and [Zn2(L2)2]4+ are favoured more than simple statistical considerations would suggest
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3039-3044
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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