Radiation resistance and mechanical properties of magnetron-sputtered Cr2AlC thin films

Mohammed Imtyazuddin, Anamul Haq Mir, Matheus Araujo Tunes, Vlad Vishnyakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cr2AlC MAX phases were deposited using magnetron sputtering. The synthesis was performed via layer-by-layer deposition from elemental targets onto Si wafer and polished Inconel® 718 superalloy substrates at 650 K and 853 K. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) characterisation showed that the thin films had a thickness of about 0.8 and 1.2 m for Si and Inconel® substrates, respectively, and a MAX phase crystalline structure. Depositions onto Inconel substrate was performed in order to measure film mechanical properties. The films have hardness at around 15 GPa, reduced Young’s modulus at around 260 GPa, do not delaminate and showed characteristic ductile behaviour during nanoscratching. Ion irradiations with in situ TEM were performed with 320 keV Xe+ ions up to fluence 1×1016 ions·cm-2 at 300 K and 623 K. At 300 K the Cr2AlC started to amorphise at around 0.3 dpa. At displacement levels above 3.3 dpa all crystalline structure was almost completely lost. Conversely, irradiations at 623 K showed no recordable amorphisation up to 90 dpa. It is discussed that the presence of many grain boundaries and low defect recombination energy barriers are responsible for high radiation hardness of Cr2AlC MAX phase at 623 K. The thin film Cr2AlC MAX phases have mechanical and radiation stability which makes them a candidate for fuel rod coating as Accident Tolerant Fuels (ATF) material for the next generation of nuclear reactors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number151742
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume526
Early online date2 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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Inconel (trademark)
radiation tolerance
mechanical properties
Radiation
Thin films
Mechanical properties
Substrates
hardness
thin films
Hardness
Crystalline materials
Transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
Amorphization
Energy barriers
nuclear reactors
heat resistant alloys
radiation
Nuclear reactors
Ion bombardment

Cite this

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title = "Radiation resistance and mechanical properties of magnetron-sputtered Cr2AlC thin films",
abstract = "Cr2AlC MAX phases were deposited using magnetron sputtering. The synthesis was performed via layer-by-layer deposition from elemental targets onto Si wafer and polished Inconel{\circledR} 718 superalloy substrates at 650 K and 853 K. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) characterisation showed that the thin films had a thickness of about 0.8 and 1.2 m for Si and Inconel{\circledR} substrates, respectively, and a MAX phase crystalline structure. Depositions onto Inconel substrate was performed in order to measure film mechanical properties. The films have hardness at around 15 GPa, reduced Young’s modulus at around 260 GPa, do not delaminate and showed characteristic ductile behaviour during nanoscratching. Ion irradiations with in situ TEM were performed with 320 keV Xe+ ions up to fluence 1×1016 ions·cm-2 at 300 K and 623 K. At 300 K the Cr2AlC started to amorphise at around 0.3 dpa. At displacement levels above 3.3 dpa all crystalline structure was almost completely lost. Conversely, irradiations at 623 K showed no recordable amorphisation up to 90 dpa. It is discussed that the presence of many grain boundaries and low defect recombination energy barriers are responsible for high radiation hardness of Cr2AlC MAX phase at 623 K. The thin film Cr2AlC MAX phases have mechanical and radiation stability which makes them a candidate for fuel rod coating as Accident Tolerant Fuels (ATF) material for the next generation of nuclear reactors.",
keywords = "Cr2AlC, MAX phases, Ion irradiation, Radiation damage, Accident tolerant fuels, Thin solid films, Inconel{\circledR} 718, Hardness, Cr AlC",
author = "Mohammed Imtyazuddin and Mir, {Anamul Haq} and Tunes, {Matheus Araujo} and Vlad Vishnyakov",
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language = "English",
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Radiation resistance and mechanical properties of magnetron-sputtered Cr2AlC thin films. / Imtyazuddin, Mohammed ; Mir, Anamul Haq; Tunes, Matheus Araujo; Vishnyakov, Vlad.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 526, 151742, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Radiation resistance and mechanical properties of magnetron-sputtered Cr2AlC thin films

AU - Imtyazuddin, Mohammed

AU - Mir, Anamul Haq

AU - Tunes, Matheus Araujo

AU - Vishnyakov, Vlad

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Cr2AlC MAX phases were deposited using magnetron sputtering. The synthesis was performed via layer-by-layer deposition from elemental targets onto Si wafer and polished Inconel® 718 superalloy substrates at 650 K and 853 K. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) characterisation showed that the thin films had a thickness of about 0.8 and 1.2 m for Si and Inconel® substrates, respectively, and a MAX phase crystalline structure. Depositions onto Inconel substrate was performed in order to measure film mechanical properties. The films have hardness at around 15 GPa, reduced Young’s modulus at around 260 GPa, do not delaminate and showed characteristic ductile behaviour during nanoscratching. Ion irradiations with in situ TEM were performed with 320 keV Xe+ ions up to fluence 1×1016 ions·cm-2 at 300 K and 623 K. At 300 K the Cr2AlC started to amorphise at around 0.3 dpa. At displacement levels above 3.3 dpa all crystalline structure was almost completely lost. Conversely, irradiations at 623 K showed no recordable amorphisation up to 90 dpa. It is discussed that the presence of many grain boundaries and low defect recombination energy barriers are responsible for high radiation hardness of Cr2AlC MAX phase at 623 K. The thin film Cr2AlC MAX phases have mechanical and radiation stability which makes them a candidate for fuel rod coating as Accident Tolerant Fuels (ATF) material for the next generation of nuclear reactors.

AB - Cr2AlC MAX phases were deposited using magnetron sputtering. The synthesis was performed via layer-by-layer deposition from elemental targets onto Si wafer and polished Inconel® 718 superalloy substrates at 650 K and 853 K. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) characterisation showed that the thin films had a thickness of about 0.8 and 1.2 m for Si and Inconel® substrates, respectively, and a MAX phase crystalline structure. Depositions onto Inconel substrate was performed in order to measure film mechanical properties. The films have hardness at around 15 GPa, reduced Young’s modulus at around 260 GPa, do not delaminate and showed characteristic ductile behaviour during nanoscratching. Ion irradiations with in situ TEM were performed with 320 keV Xe+ ions up to fluence 1×1016 ions·cm-2 at 300 K and 623 K. At 300 K the Cr2AlC started to amorphise at around 0.3 dpa. At displacement levels above 3.3 dpa all crystalline structure was almost completely lost. Conversely, irradiations at 623 K showed no recordable amorphisation up to 90 dpa. It is discussed that the presence of many grain boundaries and low defect recombination energy barriers are responsible for high radiation hardness of Cr2AlC MAX phase at 623 K. The thin film Cr2AlC MAX phases have mechanical and radiation stability which makes them a candidate for fuel rod coating as Accident Tolerant Fuels (ATF) material for the next generation of nuclear reactors.

KW - Cr2AlC

KW - MAX phases

KW - Ion irradiation

KW - Radiation damage

KW - Accident tolerant fuels

KW - Thin solid films

KW - Inconel® 718

KW - Hardness

KW - Cr AlC

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DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.151742

M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

SN - 0022-3115

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