Railway Point-Operating Machine Fault Detection Using Unlabeled Signaling Sensor Data

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Abstract

In this study, we propose a methodology for the identification of potential fault occurrences of railway point-operating machines, using unlabeled signal sensor data. Data supplied by Network Rail, UK, is processed using a fast Fourier transform signal processing approach, coupled with the mean and max current levels to identify potential faults in point-operating machines. The method developed can dynamically adapt to the behavioral characteristics of individual point-operating machines, thereby providing bespoke condition monitoring capabilities in situ and in real time. The work described in this paper is not unique to railway point-operating machines, rather the data pre-processing and methodology is readily applicable to any motorized device fitted with current sensing capabilities. The novelty of our approach is that it does not require pre-labelled data with historical fault occurrences and therefore closely resembles problems of the real world, with application for smart city infrastructure. Lastly, we demonstrate the problems faced with handling such data and the capability of our methodology to dynamically adapt to diverse data presentations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2692
Number of pages13
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2020

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