Real-Time Routing and Scheduling of On-Demand Autonomous Customized Bus Systems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The integration of autonomous vehicles and on-demand customized bus systems is expected to be beneficial for responding to real-time demands. This paper investigates the autonomous customized bus (ACB) system that leverages passenger demand prediction to enhance service quality and vehicle utilization. A novel ACB service design optimization model that determines vehicle movements and passenger-to-vehicle assignments is developed for the real-time routing and scheduling problem. Then, a rolling horizon approach, incorporating travel demand prediction, proactive dispatching and reactive adjustment, is proposed to address the studied problem. The performance of the introduced ACB system is evaluated using smartcard data from Beijing and the state-of-the-art machine learning algorithm. Results show that the proposed ACB system can effectively improve system performance and service level in terms of operating cost and passenger waiting time compared to reactive operations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 26th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Subtitle of host publicationITSC 2023
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350399462
ISBN (Print)9798350399479
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2024
Event26th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems - Bilbao, Spain
Duration: 24 Sep 202328 Sep 2023
Conference number: 26

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)
ISSN (Print)2153-0009
ISSN (Electronic)2153-0017


Conference26th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Abbreviated titleITSC 2023
Internet address

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