Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level

A global review of local DRR strategies

Dilanthi Amaratunga, Pournima Sridarran, Richard Haigh, Sanjaya Bhatia, Mutarika (Mai) Pruksapong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Approaches for building urban resilience may range from highly technical and resource-intensive, to simple and inexpensive practices. “Making Cities Resilient” (MCR) Campaign by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) is a simple tool to promote disaster resilience-building in cities through raising awareness among local governments through providing tools, technical assistance, city-to-city support networks, and learning opportunities. In 2018, a local government survey was developed and administered by UNDRR, not only with MCR Campaign cities but also with other cities, to capture the progress in disaster risk reduction and the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction around the world. This paper attempts to report the results of the survey. The results show that flood is the most recurrent and frequent disaster in a majority of the cities. According to the percentage of responses, flood and landslide show a significant increase in frequency, intensity, people’s exposure and vulnerability. Local governments have shown good progress in conducting DRR actions and publicising the disaster information according to the survey results. Around half of the local governments have their own local DRR strategy. However, most of them are lacking in implementation. As mentioned by the respondents, financial incapability is the popular reason for the inefficient implementation. Though there is a lack of enforcement, DRR is needed in most of the local governments, as it is compulsory by national law. Interestingly, majority of the DRR plans are developed with the participation of the citizens in some form. Local governments also receive external support mainly from the national government. However, in-house technical capacity, citizen engagement, and equipment and materials are mentioned as the critical factors that are needed for successful implementation of DRR actions at local level.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019)
PublisherUNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR)
Pages1-19
Number of pages19
Edition2019
ISBN (Electronic)9789210041805, 9210041801
ISBN (Print)9789211320503, 921132050X
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2019

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Cite this

Amaratunga, D., Sridarran, P., Haigh, R., Bhatia, S., & Pruksapong, M. M. (2019). Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level: A global review of local DRR strategies. In Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019) (2019 ed., pp. 1-19). UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR) .
Amaratunga, Dilanthi ; Sridarran, Pournima ; Haigh, Richard ; Bhatia, Sanjaya ; Pruksapong, Mutarika (Mai) . / Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level : A global review of local DRR strategies. Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). 2019. ed. UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR) , 2019. pp. 1-19
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abstract = "Approaches for building urban resilience may range from highly technical and resource-intensive, to simple and inexpensive practices. “Making Cities Resilient” (MCR) Campaign by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) is a simple tool to promote disaster resilience-building in cities through raising awareness among local governments through providing tools, technical assistance, city-to-city support networks, and learning opportunities. In 2018, a local government survey was developed and administered by UNDRR, not only with MCR Campaign cities but also with other cities, to capture the progress in disaster risk reduction and the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction around the world. This paper attempts to report the results of the survey. The results show that flood is the most recurrent and frequent disaster in a majority of the cities. According to the percentage of responses, flood and landslide show a significant increase in frequency, intensity, people’s exposure and vulnerability. Local governments have shown good progress in conducting DRR actions and publicising the disaster information according to the survey results. Around half of the local governments have their own local DRR strategy. However, most of them are lacking in implementation. As mentioned by the respondents, financial incapability is the popular reason for the inefficient implementation. Though there is a lack of enforcement, DRR is needed in most of the local governments, as it is compulsory by national law. Interestingly, majority of the DRR plans are developed with the participation of the citizens in some form. Local governments also receive external support mainly from the national government. However, in-house technical capacity, citizen engagement, and equipment and materials are mentioned as the critical factors that are needed for successful implementation of DRR actions at local level.",
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author = "Dilanthi Amaratunga and Pournima Sridarran and Richard Haigh and Sanjaya Bhatia and Pruksapong, {Mutarika (Mai)}",
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Amaratunga, D, Sridarran, P, Haigh, R, Bhatia, S & Pruksapong, MM 2019, Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level: A global review of local DRR strategies. in Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). 2019 edn, UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR) , pp. 1-19.

Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level : A global review of local DRR strategies. / Amaratunga, Dilanthi; Sridarran, Pournima; Haigh, Richard; Bhatia, Sanjaya ; Pruksapong, Mutarika (Mai) .

Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). 2019. ed. UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR) , 2019. p. 1-19.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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T1 - Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level

T2 - A global review of local DRR strategies

AU - Amaratunga, Dilanthi

AU - Sridarran, Pournima

AU - Haigh, Richard

AU - Bhatia, Sanjaya

AU - Pruksapong, Mutarika (Mai)

PY - 2019/7/15

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N2 - Approaches for building urban resilience may range from highly technical and resource-intensive, to simple and inexpensive practices. “Making Cities Resilient” (MCR) Campaign by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) is a simple tool to promote disaster resilience-building in cities through raising awareness among local governments through providing tools, technical assistance, city-to-city support networks, and learning opportunities. In 2018, a local government survey was developed and administered by UNDRR, not only with MCR Campaign cities but also with other cities, to capture the progress in disaster risk reduction and the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction around the world. This paper attempts to report the results of the survey. The results show that flood is the most recurrent and frequent disaster in a majority of the cities. According to the percentage of responses, flood and landslide show a significant increase in frequency, intensity, people’s exposure and vulnerability. Local governments have shown good progress in conducting DRR actions and publicising the disaster information according to the survey results. Around half of the local governments have their own local DRR strategy. However, most of them are lacking in implementation. As mentioned by the respondents, financial incapability is the popular reason for the inefficient implementation. Though there is a lack of enforcement, DRR is needed in most of the local governments, as it is compulsory by national law. Interestingly, majority of the DRR plans are developed with the participation of the citizens in some form. Local governments also receive external support mainly from the national government. However, in-house technical capacity, citizen engagement, and equipment and materials are mentioned as the critical factors that are needed for successful implementation of DRR actions at local level.

AB - Approaches for building urban resilience may range from highly technical and resource-intensive, to simple and inexpensive practices. “Making Cities Resilient” (MCR) Campaign by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) is a simple tool to promote disaster resilience-building in cities through raising awareness among local governments through providing tools, technical assistance, city-to-city support networks, and learning opportunities. In 2018, a local government survey was developed and administered by UNDRR, not only with MCR Campaign cities but also with other cities, to capture the progress in disaster risk reduction and the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction around the world. This paper attempts to report the results of the survey. The results show that flood is the most recurrent and frequent disaster in a majority of the cities. According to the percentage of responses, flood and landslide show a significant increase in frequency, intensity, people’s exposure and vulnerability. Local governments have shown good progress in conducting DRR actions and publicising the disaster information according to the survey results. Around half of the local governments have their own local DRR strategy. However, most of them are lacking in implementation. As mentioned by the respondents, financial incapability is the popular reason for the inefficient implementation. Though there is a lack of enforcement, DRR is needed in most of the local governments, as it is compulsory by national law. Interestingly, majority of the DRR plans are developed with the participation of the citizens in some form. Local governments also receive external support mainly from the national government. However, in-house technical capacity, citizen engagement, and equipment and materials are mentioned as the critical factors that are needed for successful implementation of DRR actions at local level.

KW - Community-Based DRR

KW - Governance

KW - Urban Risk & Planning

UR - https://www.unisdr.org/

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9789211320503

SN - 921132050X

SP - 1

EP - 19

BT - Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019)

PB - UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR)

ER -

Amaratunga D, Sridarran P, Haigh R, Bhatia S, Pruksapong MM. Reducing risks and building resilience at the local level: A global review of local DRR strategies. In Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). 2019 ed. UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNDRR) . 2019. p. 1-19