Regulatory framework for biofuels in Brazil

history and challenges under the law of the WTO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines the clashes between national policies promoting green energy and international trade liberalisation commitments, using the Brazilian biofuels programmes, in particular the measures of mandatory blending and the Social Fuel Seal, as a case example. Drawing on past and present Brazilian legislation, this study initially analyses the driving forces behind the development of the biofuels agenda in Brazil and is followed by a discussion of the general principles of the law of the World Trade Organization concerning subsidies, national treatment and non-discriminatory rules, and the applicability of environmental, social inclusion and energy security exceptions to domestic policies supporting green energy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-238
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Energy and Natural Resources Law
Volume34
Issue number2
Early online date21 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

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biofuel
Biofuels
WTO
Brazil
History
energy
Energy security
International trade
Law
history
Seals
domestic policy
world trade
subsidy
liberalization
legislation
inclusion
commitment
present

Cite this

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abstract = "This article examines the clashes between national policies promoting green energy and international trade liberalisation commitments, using the Brazilian biofuels programmes, in particular the measures of mandatory blending and the Social Fuel Seal, as a case example. Drawing on past and present Brazilian legislation, this study initially analyses the driving forces behind the development of the biofuels agenda in Brazil and is followed by a discussion of the general principles of the law of the World Trade Organization concerning subsidies, national treatment and non-discriminatory rules, and the applicability of environmental, social inclusion and energy security exceptions to domestic policies supporting green energy.",
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