Reliability and validity of the work and social adjustment scale in treatment-seeking problem gamblers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Problem gambling is a growing concern as governments become more reliant on gambling revenue particularly from increases in gambling casinos. It is widely reported that problem gamblers experience both high levels of comorbid mental health issues and subsequent disability that comes with such. To date, there have been few measures tested with problem gamblers that are a good measure of this disability. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a five-item measure of disability, which is used widely in a number of clinical settings including gambling.

Method The reliability and validity of the WSAS were examined in 171 outpatient problem gamblers who presented to a cognitive behavior therapy service in Adelaide, Australia. Subjects were assessed by trained cognitive behavior therapists and offered individual outpatient, group, or inpatient treatment. All subjects signed consent for their clinical data to be used and completed a battery of outcome measures at assessment, discharge, and 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up.

Results The internal consistency of the WSAS was excellent among problem gamblers. A principal component analysis generated a single factor of disability. The WSAS has good concurrent validity with measures of gambling and comorbid anxiety and depression. The WSAS also shows promise as a measure of improvement in a clinical service.

Conclusion The WSAS has excellent reliability and sound validity among a treatment-seeking problem gambling population. Understanding disability related to gambling may offer insights into the long-term success of gamblers completing treatment. This instrument needs further refinement in a more rigorous experimental setting.
LanguageEnglish
Pages229-233
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Addictions Nursing
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Gambling
Reproducibility of Results
Therapeutics
Outpatients
Cognitive Therapy
Principal Component Analysis
Inpatients
Mental Health
Anxiety
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Depression
Population

Cite this

@article{b87877e89f69484789d5950e29965ff0,
title = "Reliability and validity of the work and social adjustment scale in treatment-seeking problem gamblers",
abstract = "Background Problem gambling is a growing concern as governments become more reliant on gambling revenue particularly from increases in gambling casinos. It is widely reported that problem gamblers experience both high levels of comorbid mental health issues and subsequent disability that comes with such. To date, there have been few measures tested with problem gamblers that are a good measure of this disability. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a five-item measure of disability, which is used widely in a number of clinical settings including gambling.Method The reliability and validity of the WSAS were examined in 171 outpatient problem gamblers who presented to a cognitive behavior therapy service in Adelaide, Australia. Subjects were assessed by trained cognitive behavior therapists and offered individual outpatient, group, or inpatient treatment. All subjects signed consent for their clinical data to be used and completed a battery of outcome measures at assessment, discharge, and 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up.Results The internal consistency of the WSAS was excellent among problem gamblers. A principal component analysis generated a single factor of disability. The WSAS has good concurrent validity with measures of gambling and comorbid anxiety and depression. The WSAS also shows promise as a measure of improvement in a clinical service.Conclusion The WSAS has excellent reliability and sound validity among a treatment-seeking problem gambling population. Understanding disability related to gambling may offer insights into the long-term success of gamblers completing treatment. This instrument needs further refinement in a more rigorous experimental setting.",
keywords = "comorbidity, disability, measurement, outcomes, problem gambling",
author = "Barry Tolchard",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/JAN.0000000000000141",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "229--233",
journal = "Journal of Addictions Nursing",
issn = "1088-4602",
publisher = "LWW",
number = "4",

}

Reliability and validity of the work and social adjustment scale in treatment-seeking problem gamblers. / Tolchard, Barry.

In: Journal of Addictions Nursing, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.10.2016, p. 229-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reliability and validity of the work and social adjustment scale in treatment-seeking problem gamblers

AU - Tolchard, Barry

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - Background Problem gambling is a growing concern as governments become more reliant on gambling revenue particularly from increases in gambling casinos. It is widely reported that problem gamblers experience both high levels of comorbid mental health issues and subsequent disability that comes with such. To date, there have been few measures tested with problem gamblers that are a good measure of this disability. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a five-item measure of disability, which is used widely in a number of clinical settings including gambling.Method The reliability and validity of the WSAS were examined in 171 outpatient problem gamblers who presented to a cognitive behavior therapy service in Adelaide, Australia. Subjects were assessed by trained cognitive behavior therapists and offered individual outpatient, group, or inpatient treatment. All subjects signed consent for their clinical data to be used and completed a battery of outcome measures at assessment, discharge, and 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up.Results The internal consistency of the WSAS was excellent among problem gamblers. A principal component analysis generated a single factor of disability. The WSAS has good concurrent validity with measures of gambling and comorbid anxiety and depression. The WSAS also shows promise as a measure of improvement in a clinical service.Conclusion The WSAS has excellent reliability and sound validity among a treatment-seeking problem gambling population. Understanding disability related to gambling may offer insights into the long-term success of gamblers completing treatment. This instrument needs further refinement in a more rigorous experimental setting.

AB - Background Problem gambling is a growing concern as governments become more reliant on gambling revenue particularly from increases in gambling casinos. It is widely reported that problem gamblers experience both high levels of comorbid mental health issues and subsequent disability that comes with such. To date, there have been few measures tested with problem gamblers that are a good measure of this disability. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a five-item measure of disability, which is used widely in a number of clinical settings including gambling.Method The reliability and validity of the WSAS were examined in 171 outpatient problem gamblers who presented to a cognitive behavior therapy service in Adelaide, Australia. Subjects were assessed by trained cognitive behavior therapists and offered individual outpatient, group, or inpatient treatment. All subjects signed consent for their clinical data to be used and completed a battery of outcome measures at assessment, discharge, and 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up.Results The internal consistency of the WSAS was excellent among problem gamblers. A principal component analysis generated a single factor of disability. The WSAS has good concurrent validity with measures of gambling and comorbid anxiety and depression. The WSAS also shows promise as a measure of improvement in a clinical service.Conclusion The WSAS has excellent reliability and sound validity among a treatment-seeking problem gambling population. Understanding disability related to gambling may offer insights into the long-term success of gamblers completing treatment. This instrument needs further refinement in a more rigorous experimental setting.

KW - comorbidity

KW - disability

KW - measurement

KW - outcomes

KW - problem gambling

U2 - 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000141

DO - 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000141

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 229

EP - 233

JO - Journal of Addictions Nursing

T2 - Journal of Addictions Nursing

JF - Journal of Addictions Nursing

SN - 1088-4602

IS - 4

ER -