Reported long-term effects of COVID-19 patients after hospital discharge in Jordan

Reema Karasneh, Sarah Al Sharie, Sayer Al-Azzam, Shoroq M. Altawalbeh, Basheer Khassawneh, Muna Talafha, Mohammad Nusair, Abdel Hameed Al-Mistarehi, Othman Beni Yonis, Mousa A. Al-Omary, Suad Kabbaha, Mamoon A. Aldeyab

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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) long-term effect is the new challenge facing healthcare providers that should be further assessed. We aim to describe the characteristics and patterns of long-term consequences of COVID-19 among recovered patients. COVID-19 patients baseline data was extracted from hospital records and alive patients filled self-reported symptoms questionnaires. A follow-up chest X-ray (CXR) was then scored based on lung abnormalities and compared with baseline CXR images. Six hundred ninety-four patients were included for the questionnaire and final analysis. Patients who were categorized as critical or severe were more prone to develop at least one symptom than those who were categorized as moderate. The most newly diagnosed comorbidities after discharge were diabetes (40.9%), cardiovascular diseases (18.6%), and hypertension (11.9%). Most patients with prolonged symptoms after discharge had a significant decrease in the quality of life. Small number of CXR showed persistent abnormalities in the middle right, the lower right, and lower left zones with an average overall score during admission 13.8 ± 4.9 and 0.3 ± 1.01 for the follow-up images. Effects of COVID-19 were found to persist even after the end of the infection. This would add on to the disease burden and would foster better management.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere34633
Number of pages9
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2023

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