Reporting Antimicrobial-Related Adverse Drug Events in Jordan: An Analysis from the VigiBase Database

Nizar Mahmoud Mhaidat, Sayer Al-Azzam, Hayaa Abdallah Banat, Jaber Mohammad Jaber, Mohammad Araydah, Osama Y Alshogran, Mamoon A Aldeyab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to assess the reporting of antimicrobial-related adverse drug events (ADEs) in Jordan between 2003 and 2022. Data regarding the antimicrobial-related ADEs were extracted from the WHO's global database (VigiBase) by the Rational Drug Use and Pharmacovigilance Department at the Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA). A total of 279 Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) were recorded. The number of ICSRs increased from 2019 onwards (219 out of 279 cases). This increase in the reported ADEs was influenced by the actions of the JFDA, including the introduction of electronic reporting forms, updating the national pharmacovigilance guidelines, which encouraged adverse drug reactions reporting, the implementation of the AMR-national action plan, the encouragement to report due to COVID-19 vaccine, and the continuous awareness campaigns and training programs. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders (n = 105; 19.48%) were the most reported antimicrobial-related ADEs. The highest number of ADEs was reported for tetracyclines (n = 101; 18.74%) followed by fluoroquinolones (n = 54; 10.02%), third-generation cephalosporines (n = 48; 8.9%), and carbapenems (n = 42; 7.79%). From the top 10 consumed antibiotics, the number of ADEs in patients who consumed Watch group antibiotics (97 ADEs) was higher than those who consumed Access group antibiotics (28 ADEs). The findings highlight the need to monitor and rationalize the use of Watch antibiotics. Enhanced reporting of antimicrobial-related adverse drug reactions is needed to inform antimicrobial stewardship and improve the pharmacovigilance system in Jordan.

Original languageEnglish
Article number624
Number of pages16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Reporting Antimicrobial-Related Adverse Drug Events in Jordan: An Analysis from the VigiBase Database'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this