This article focuses on the framing of Boko Haram, a transnational terrorist group, in legacy and social media platforms. The discussion is predicated on the understanding that in spite of its popularity as a research tool, the concept of framing is still problematic. One area of contention has been the reliability and validity of framing analysis. Drawing on Robert Entman’s seminal definition, this study investigates the viability of two innovative framing approaches and explores the intersection of the framing of Boko Haram in four Nigerian newspapers and Twitter. We argue that while newspapers continue to dominate the media space, it is important to acknowledge the growing relevance of social media in shaping and influencing the opinion of their users. The study’s findings support the viability of these approaches and comes to the conclusion that exploring the differences between the platforms can unearth different versions of reality.
Ette, M., & Joe, S. (2018). “Rival visions of reality”: An analysis of the framing of Boko Haram in Nigerian newspapers and Twitter. Media, War and Conflict, 11(4), 392-406. https://doi.org/10.1177/1750635218776560