Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions

Pedro Cardoso, Philip Barton, Klaus Birkhofer, Filipe Chichorro, Charl Deacon, Thomas Fartmann, Caroline Fukushima, Rene Gaigher, Jan C. Habel, Caspar Hallmann, Matthew Hill, Axel Hochkirch, Mackenzie Kwak, Stafano Mammola, Jorge Ari Noriega, Alexander Orfinger, Fernando Pedraza, James Pryke, Fabio Roque, Josef SetteleJohn Simaika, Nigel Stork, Frank Suhling, Carlien Vorster, Michael Samways

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

Here we build on the manifesto ‘World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity, issued by the Alliance of World Scientists. As a group of conservation biologists deeply concerned about the decline of insect populations, we here review what we know about the drivers of insect extinctions, their consequences, and how extinctions can negatively impact humanity. We are causing insect extinctions by driving habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, use of polluting and harmful substances, the spread of invasive species, global climate change, direct overexploitation, and co-extinction of species dependent on other species. With insect extinctions, we lose much more than species. We lose abundance and biomass of insects, diversity across space and time with consequent homogenization, large parts of the tree of life, unique ecological functions and traits, and fundamental parts of extensive networks of biotic interactions. Such losses lead to the decline of key ecosystem services on which humanity depends. From pollination and decomposition, to being resources for new medicines, habitat quality indication and many others, insects provide essential and irreplaceable services. We appeal for urgent action to close key knowledge gaps and curb insect extinctions. An investment in research programs that generate local, regional and global strategies that counter this trend is essential. Solutions are available and implementable, but urgent action is needed now to match our intentions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108426
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume242
Early online date9 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2020

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extinction
insect
insects
degradation
ecological function
habitat loss
habitat quality
homogenization
research programs
habitat destruction
pollination
invasive species
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
medicine
research program
space and time
biologists
global climate
fragmentation

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Cardoso, P., Barton, P., Birkhofer, K., Chichorro, F., Deacon, C., Fartmann, T., ... Samways, M. (2020). Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Biological Conservation, 242, [108426]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426
Cardoso, Pedro ; Barton, Philip ; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Chichorro, Filipe ; Deacon, Charl ; Fartmann, Thomas ; Fukushima, Caroline ; Gaigher, Rene ; Habel, Jan C. ; Hallmann, Caspar ; Hill, Matthew ; Hochkirch, Axel ; Kwak, Mackenzie ; Mammola, Stafano ; Ari Noriega, Jorge ; Orfinger, Alexander ; Pedraza, Fernando ; Pryke, James ; Roque, Fabio ; Settele, Josef ; Simaika, John ; Stork, Nigel ; Suhling, Frank ; Vorster, Carlien ; Samways, Michael . / Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. In: Biological Conservation. 2020 ; Vol. 242.
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abstract = "Here we build on the manifesto ‘World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity, issued by the Alliance of World Scientists. As a group of conservation biologists deeply concerned about the decline of insect populations, we here review what we know about the drivers of insect extinctions, their consequences, and how extinctions can negatively impact humanity. We are causing insect extinctions by driving habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, use of polluting and harmful substances, the spread of invasive species, global climate change, direct overexploitation, and co-extinction of species dependent on other species. With insect extinctions, we lose much more than species. We lose abundance and biomass of insects, diversity across space and time with consequent homogenization, large parts of the tree of life, unique ecological functions and traits, and fundamental parts of extensive networks of biotic interactions. Such losses lead to the decline of key ecosystem services on which humanity depends. From pollination and decomposition, to being resources for new medicines, habitat quality indication and many others, insects provide essential and irreplaceable services. We appeal for urgent action to close key knowledge gaps and curb insect extinctions. An investment in research programs that generate local, regional and global strategies that counter this trend is essential. Solutions are available and implementable, but urgent action is needed now to match our intentions.",
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author = "Pedro Cardoso and Philip Barton and Klaus Birkhofer and Filipe Chichorro and Charl Deacon and Thomas Fartmann and Caroline Fukushima and Rene Gaigher and Habel, {Jan C.} and Caspar Hallmann and Matthew Hill and Axel Hochkirch and Mackenzie Kwak and Stafano Mammola and {Ari Noriega}, Jorge and Alexander Orfinger and Fernando Pedraza and James Pryke and Fabio Roque and Josef Settele and John Simaika and Nigel Stork and Frank Suhling and Carlien Vorster and Michael Samways",
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Cardoso, P, Barton, P, Birkhofer, K, Chichorro, F, Deacon, C, Fartmann, T, Fukushima, C, Gaigher, R, Habel, JC, Hallmann, C, Hill, M, Hochkirch, A, Kwak, M, Mammola, S, Ari Noriega, J, Orfinger, A, Pedraza, F, Pryke, J, Roque, F, Settele, J, Simaika, J, Stork, N, Suhling, F, Vorster, C & Samways, M 2020, 'Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions', Biological Conservation, vol. 242, 108426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426

Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. / Cardoso, Pedro ; Barton, Philip; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Chichorro, Filipe; Deacon, Charl; Fartmann, Thomas; Fukushima, Caroline; Gaigher, Rene; Habel, Jan C.; Hallmann, Caspar; Hill, Matthew; Hochkirch, Axel; Kwak, Mackenzie; Mammola, Stafano; Ari Noriega, Jorge; Orfinger, Alexander ; Pedraza, Fernando ; Pryke, James; Roque, Fabio; Settele, Josef; Simaika, John ; Stork, Nigel; Suhling, Frank ; Vorster, Carlien; Samways, Michael .

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 242, 108426, 09.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

TY - JOUR

T1 - Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions

AU - Cardoso, Pedro

AU - Barton, Philip

AU - Birkhofer, Klaus

AU - Chichorro, Filipe

AU - Deacon, Charl

AU - Fartmann, Thomas

AU - Fukushima, Caroline

AU - Gaigher, Rene

AU - Habel, Jan C.

AU - Hallmann, Caspar

AU - Hill, Matthew

AU - Hochkirch, Axel

AU - Kwak, Mackenzie

AU - Mammola, Stafano

AU - Ari Noriega, Jorge

AU - Orfinger, Alexander

AU - Pedraza, Fernando

AU - Pryke, James

AU - Roque, Fabio

AU - Settele, Josef

AU - Simaika, John

AU - Stork, Nigel

AU - Suhling, Frank

AU - Vorster, Carlien

AU - Samways, Michael

PY - 2020/2/9

Y1 - 2020/2/9

N2 - Here we build on the manifesto ‘World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity, issued by the Alliance of World Scientists. As a group of conservation biologists deeply concerned about the decline of insect populations, we here review what we know about the drivers of insect extinctions, their consequences, and how extinctions can negatively impact humanity. We are causing insect extinctions by driving habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, use of polluting and harmful substances, the spread of invasive species, global climate change, direct overexploitation, and co-extinction of species dependent on other species. With insect extinctions, we lose much more than species. We lose abundance and biomass of insects, diversity across space and time with consequent homogenization, large parts of the tree of life, unique ecological functions and traits, and fundamental parts of extensive networks of biotic interactions. Such losses lead to the decline of key ecosystem services on which humanity depends. From pollination and decomposition, to being resources for new medicines, habitat quality indication and many others, insects provide essential and irreplaceable services. We appeal for urgent action to close key knowledge gaps and curb insect extinctions. An investment in research programs that generate local, regional and global strategies that counter this trend is essential. Solutions are available and implementable, but urgent action is needed now to match our intentions.

AB - Here we build on the manifesto ‘World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity, issued by the Alliance of World Scientists. As a group of conservation biologists deeply concerned about the decline of insect populations, we here review what we know about the drivers of insect extinctions, their consequences, and how extinctions can negatively impact humanity. We are causing insect extinctions by driving habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, use of polluting and harmful substances, the spread of invasive species, global climate change, direct overexploitation, and co-extinction of species dependent on other species. With insect extinctions, we lose much more than species. We lose abundance and biomass of insects, diversity across space and time with consequent homogenization, large parts of the tree of life, unique ecological functions and traits, and fundamental parts of extensive networks of biotic interactions. Such losses lead to the decline of key ecosystem services on which humanity depends. From pollination and decomposition, to being resources for new medicines, habitat quality indication and many others, insects provide essential and irreplaceable services. We appeal for urgent action to close key knowledge gaps and curb insect extinctions. An investment in research programs that generate local, regional and global strategies that counter this trend is essential. Solutions are available and implementable, but urgent action is needed now to match our intentions.

KW - Arthropods

KW - Biodiversity Loss

KW - Centinelan extinctions

KW - Drivers of Extinction

KW - Ecosystem Services

KW - Threatened species

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426

DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426

M3 - Comment/debate

VL - 242

JO - Biological Conservation

JF - Biological Conservation

SN - 0006-3207

M1 - 108426

ER -

Cardoso P, Barton P, Birkhofer K, Chichorro F, Deacon C, Fartmann T et al. Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Biological Conservation. 2020 Feb 9;242. 108426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426