Secrecy Performance Analysis of Mixed Hyper-Gamma and Gamma-Gamma Cooperative Relaying System

Noor Ahmad Sarker, A. S.M. Badrudduza, S. M.Riazul Islam, Sheikh Habibul Islam, Imran Shafique Ansari, Milton Kumar Kundu, Mst Fateha Samad, Md Biplob Hossain, Heejung Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we investigate a secure dual-hop radio frequency-free space optical (RF-FSO) mixed variable gain relaying framework in the presence of a single eavesdropper. The RF and FSO links are modeled with hyper Gamma (HG) and Gamma-Gamma ( $\Gamma \Gamma $ ) fading channels, respectively. We assume that the eavesdropper utilizes another HG fading channel to wiretap the transmitted confidential data from the RF link. Our key concern is to defend this information against passive eavesdropping. We carry out the secrecy measurements by deriving closed-form mathematical expressions of average secrecy capacity (ASC), secure outage probability (SOP), and strictly positive secrecy capacity (SPSC), all in terms of Meijer's $G$ function. Capitalizing on the derived expressions, we analyze the impacts of atmospheric turbulence and pointing errors on the secrecy capacity and outage performance of the proposed scenario. For gaining more insights, we also analyze the asymptotic outage behaviour for high signal-to-noise ratio. Two detection techniques i.e. heterodyne (HD) and the intensity modulation with direct detection (IM/DD) are taken into consideration and our results demonstrate that HD technique notably outperforms the IM/DD scheme. The supremacy and novelty of the model is demonstrated via utilizing generic properties of the HG fading channel. Finally, we provide a justification of the derived expressions via Monte-Carlo simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9139494
Pages (from-to)131273-131285
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date13 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


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