The self-assembled trimetallic species [L2Cu3]6+ contains a cavity that acts as a host to many different anions. By using X-ray crystallography, ESI-MS, and UV/Vis spectroscopy we show that these anions are encapsulated both in the solid state and aqueous systems. Upon encapsulation, the anions Br−, I−, CO3 2−, SiF6 2−, IO6 3−, VO4 3−, WO4 2−, CrO4 2−, SO4 2−, AsO4 3−, and PO4 3− are all precipitated from aqueous solution and can be removed by filtration. Furthermore, the cavity can be tuned to be selective to either phosphate or sulfate anions by variation of the pH. Phosphate anions can be removed from water, even in the presence of other common anions, reducing the concentration from 1000 to <0.1 ppm and recovering approximately 99 % of the phosphate anions.
- Department of Chemical Sciences - Professor and Head of Department of Chemistry
- School of Applied Sciences
- Structural, Molecular and Dynamic Modelling Centre - Director