In this paper, a hybrid deep belief network is proposed to diagnose single and combined faults of suction and discharge valves in a reciprocating compressor. This hybrid integrates the deep belief network structured by multiple stacked restricted Boltzmann machines for pre-training and simplified fuzzy ARTMAP (SFAM) for fault classification. In the pre-training procedure, an algorithm for selecting local receptive fields is used to group the most similar features into the receptive fields of which top values are the units of each layer, and then restricted Boltzmann machine is applied to these units to construct a network. Unsupervised learning is also carried out for each restricted Boltzmann machine layer in this procedure to compute the network weights and biases. Finally, the network output is fed into SFAM to perform fault classification. In order to diagnose the valve faults, three signal types of vibration, pressure, and current are acquired from a two-stage reciprocating air compressor under different valve conditions such as suction leakages, discharge leakages, spring deterioration, and their combination. These signals are subsequently processed so that the useful fault information from the signals can be revealed; next, statistical features in the time and frequency domains are extracted from the signals and used as the inputs for hybrid deep belief network. Performance of hybrid deep belief network in fault classification is compared with that of the original deep belief network and the deep belief network combined with generalized discriminant analysis, where softmax regression is used as a classifier for the latter two models. The results indicate that hybrid deep belief network is more capable of improving the diagnosis accuracy and is feasible in industrial applications.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
|Published - 1 Oct 2018