Soft Hydrothermal Synthesis of Hafnon, HfSiO4

Paul Estevenon, Thibault Kaczmarek, Mohamed Ruwaid Rafiuddin, Eleonore Welcomme, Stephanie Szenknect, Adel Mesbah, Philippe Moisy, Christophe Poinssot, Nicolas Dacheux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Despite being a member of the zircon-type silicate family, the conditions allowing the hydrothermal synthesis of HfSiO4 are not well constrained. A multiparametric study was performed in order to follow the synthesis of this phase under soft hydrothermal conditions and thus to determine the most efficient conditions to form single phase samples. Among the experimental parameters investigated, concentration of reactants, pH of the reactive media, temperature and duration of the hydrothermal treatment impacted significantly the formation rate of hafnon and its crystallization state. Pure HfSiO4 was obtained in acid reactive media with an acidity ranging from CHCl = 1.5 M to pH = 1.0 and for CSi ≈ CHf ≥ 0.21 mol·L-1. The silicate phase was obtained after a 24 h treatment at temperatures ranging from 150 to 250 °C. However, the rise of temperature and extension of the duration of the hydrothermal treatment favored the crystallization state of the final HfSiO4 samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1820-1828
Number of pages9
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number3
Early online date29 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


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