Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects

Michael Samways, Philip Barton, Klaus Birkhofer, Filipe Chichorro, Charl Deacon, Thomas Fartmann, Caroline Fukushima, Rene Gaigher, Jan Habel, Caspar Hallmann, Matthew Hill, Axel Hochkirch, Lauri Kaila, Mackenzie Kwak, Dirk Maes, Stefanno Mammola, Jorge Ari Noriega, Alexander Orfinger, Fernando Pedraza, James PrykeFabio Roque, Josef Settele, John Simaika, Nigel Stork, Frank Suhling, Carlien Vorster, Pedro Cardoso

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The fate of humans and insects intertwine, especially through the medium of plants. Global environmental change, including land transformation and contamination, is causing concerning insect diversity loss, articulated in the companion review Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Yet, despite a sound philosophical foundation, recognized ethical values, and scientific evidence, globally we are performing poorly at instigating effective insect conservation. As insects are a major component of the tapestry of life, insect conservation would do well to integrate better with overall biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation. This also involves popularizing insects, especially through use of iconic species, through more media coverage, and more inclusive education. Insect conservationists need to liaise better with decision makers, stakeholders, and land managers, especially at the conceptually familiar scale of the landscape. Enough evidence is now available, and synthesized here, which illustrates that multiple strategies work at local levels towards saving insects. We now need to expand these locally-crafted strategies globally. Tangible actions include ensuring maintenance of biotic complexity, especially through improving temporal and spatial heterogeneity, functional connectivity, and metapopulation dynamics, while maintaining unique habitats, across landscape mosaics, as well as instigating better communication. Key is to have more expansive sustainable agriculture and forestry, improved regulation and prevention of environmental risks, and greater recognition of protected areas alongside agro-ecology in novel landscapes. Future-proofing insect diversity is now critical, with the benefits far reaching, including continued provision of valuable ecosystem services and the conservation of a rich and impressive component of Earth's biodiversity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108427
Number of pages15
JournalBiological Conservation
Early online date9 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Feb 2020

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insect
insects
biodiversity
agroecology
sustainable forestry
alternative agriculture
metapopulation
sustainable agriculture
communication (human)
global change
environmental risk
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
stakeholders
connectivity
protected area
education
environmental change
conservation areas
managers

Cite this

Samways, M., Barton, P., Birkhofer, K., Chichorro, F., Deacon, C., Fartmann, T., ... Cardoso, P. (2020). Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects. Biological Conservation, [108427]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108427
Samways, Michael ; Barton, Philip ; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Chichorro, Filipe ; Deacon, Charl ; Fartmann, Thomas ; Fukushima, Caroline ; Gaigher, Rene ; Habel, Jan ; Hallmann, Caspar ; Hill, Matthew ; Hochkirch, Axel ; Kaila, Lauri ; Kwak, Mackenzie ; Maes, Dirk ; Mammola, Stefanno ; Ari Noriega, Jorge ; Orfinger, Alexander ; Pedraza, Fernando ; Pryke, James ; Roque, Fabio ; Settele, Josef ; Simaika, John ; Stork, Nigel ; Suhling, Frank ; Vorster, Carlien ; Cardoso, Pedro . / Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects. In: Biological Conservation. 2020.
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abstract = "The fate of humans and insects intertwine, especially through the medium of plants. Global environmental change, including land transformation and contamination, is causing concerning insect diversity loss, articulated in the companion review Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Yet, despite a sound philosophical foundation, recognized ethical values, and scientific evidence, globally we are performing poorly at instigating effective insect conservation. As insects are a major component of the tapestry of life, insect conservation would do well to integrate better with overall biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation. This also involves popularizing insects, especially through use of iconic species, through more media coverage, and more inclusive education. Insect conservationists need to liaise better with decision makers, stakeholders, and land managers, especially at the conceptually familiar scale of the landscape. Enough evidence is now available, and synthesized here, which illustrates that multiple strategies work at local levels towards saving insects. We now need to expand these locally-crafted strategies globally. Tangible actions include ensuring maintenance of biotic complexity, especially through improving temporal and spatial heterogeneity, functional connectivity, and metapopulation dynamics, while maintaining unique habitats, across landscape mosaics, as well as instigating better communication. Key is to have more expansive sustainable agriculture and forestry, improved regulation and prevention of environmental risks, and greater recognition of protected areas alongside agro-ecology in novel landscapes. Future-proofing insect diversity is now critical, with the benefits far reaching, including continued provision of valuable ecosystem services and the conservation of a rich and impressive component of Earth's biodiversity.",
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author = "Michael Samways and Philip Barton and Klaus Birkhofer and Filipe Chichorro and Charl Deacon and Thomas Fartmann and Caroline Fukushima and Rene Gaigher and Jan Habel and Caspar Hallmann and Matthew Hill and Axel Hochkirch and Lauri Kaila and Mackenzie Kwak and Dirk Maes and Stefanno Mammola and {Ari Noriega}, Jorge and Alexander Orfinger and Fernando Pedraza and James Pryke and Fabio Roque and Josef Settele and John Simaika and Nigel Stork and Frank Suhling and Carlien Vorster and Pedro Cardoso",
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Samways, M, Barton, P, Birkhofer, K, Chichorro, F, Deacon, C, Fartmann, T, Fukushima, C, Gaigher, R, Habel, J, Hallmann, C, Hill, M, Hochkirch, A, Kaila, L, Kwak, M, Maes, D, Mammola, S, Ari Noriega, J, Orfinger, A, Pedraza, F, Pryke, J, Roque, F, Settele, J, Simaika, J, Stork, N, Suhling, F, Vorster, C & Cardoso, P 2020, 'Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects', Biological Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108427

Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects. / Samways, Michael; Barton, Philip; Birkhofer, Klaus; Chichorro, Filipe; Deacon, Charl; Fartmann, Thomas ; Fukushima, Caroline; Gaigher, Rene; Habel, Jan ; Hallmann, Caspar; Hill, Matthew; Hochkirch, Axel ; Kaila, Lauri; Kwak, Mackenzie; Maes, Dirk ; Mammola, Stefanno; Ari Noriega, Jorge; Orfinger, Alexander; Pedraza, Fernando ; Pryke, James; Roque, Fabio; Settele, Josef ; Simaika, John ; Stork, Nigel; Suhling, Frank; Vorster, Carlien; Cardoso, Pedro .

In: Biological Conservation, 09.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects

AU - Samways, Michael

AU - Barton, Philip

AU - Birkhofer, Klaus

AU - Chichorro, Filipe

AU - Deacon, Charl

AU - Fartmann, Thomas

AU - Fukushima, Caroline

AU - Gaigher, Rene

AU - Habel, Jan

AU - Hallmann, Caspar

AU - Hill, Matthew

AU - Hochkirch, Axel

AU - Kaila, Lauri

AU - Kwak, Mackenzie

AU - Maes, Dirk

AU - Mammola, Stefanno

AU - Ari Noriega, Jorge

AU - Orfinger, Alexander

AU - Pedraza, Fernando

AU - Pryke, James

AU - Roque, Fabio

AU - Settele, Josef

AU - Simaika, John

AU - Stork, Nigel

AU - Suhling, Frank

AU - Vorster, Carlien

AU - Cardoso, Pedro

PY - 2020/2/9

Y1 - 2020/2/9

N2 - The fate of humans and insects intertwine, especially through the medium of plants. Global environmental change, including land transformation and contamination, is causing concerning insect diversity loss, articulated in the companion review Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Yet, despite a sound philosophical foundation, recognized ethical values, and scientific evidence, globally we are performing poorly at instigating effective insect conservation. As insects are a major component of the tapestry of life, insect conservation would do well to integrate better with overall biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation. This also involves popularizing insects, especially through use of iconic species, through more media coverage, and more inclusive education. Insect conservationists need to liaise better with decision makers, stakeholders, and land managers, especially at the conceptually familiar scale of the landscape. Enough evidence is now available, and synthesized here, which illustrates that multiple strategies work at local levels towards saving insects. We now need to expand these locally-crafted strategies globally. Tangible actions include ensuring maintenance of biotic complexity, especially through improving temporal and spatial heterogeneity, functional connectivity, and metapopulation dynamics, while maintaining unique habitats, across landscape mosaics, as well as instigating better communication. Key is to have more expansive sustainable agriculture and forestry, improved regulation and prevention of environmental risks, and greater recognition of protected areas alongside agro-ecology in novel landscapes. Future-proofing insect diversity is now critical, with the benefits far reaching, including continued provision of valuable ecosystem services and the conservation of a rich and impressive component of Earth's biodiversity.

AB - The fate of humans and insects intertwine, especially through the medium of plants. Global environmental change, including land transformation and contamination, is causing concerning insect diversity loss, articulated in the companion review Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions. Yet, despite a sound philosophical foundation, recognized ethical values, and scientific evidence, globally we are performing poorly at instigating effective insect conservation. As insects are a major component of the tapestry of life, insect conservation would do well to integrate better with overall biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation. This also involves popularizing insects, especially through use of iconic species, through more media coverage, and more inclusive education. Insect conservationists need to liaise better with decision makers, stakeholders, and land managers, especially at the conceptually familiar scale of the landscape. Enough evidence is now available, and synthesized here, which illustrates that multiple strategies work at local levels towards saving insects. We now need to expand these locally-crafted strategies globally. Tangible actions include ensuring maintenance of biotic complexity, especially through improving temporal and spatial heterogeneity, functional connectivity, and metapopulation dynamics, while maintaining unique habitats, across landscape mosaics, as well as instigating better communication. Key is to have more expansive sustainable agriculture and forestry, improved regulation and prevention of environmental risks, and greater recognition of protected areas alongside agro-ecology in novel landscapes. Future-proofing insect diversity is now critical, with the benefits far reaching, including continued provision of valuable ecosystem services and the conservation of a rich and impressive component of Earth's biodiversity.

KW - Human well-being

KW - Conservation action

KW - Conservation strategies

KW - Habitat management

KW - Climate change

KW - Species extinction

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108427

DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108427

M3 - Review article

JO - Biological Conservation

JF - Biological Conservation

SN - 0006-3207

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ER -

Samways M, Barton P, Birkhofer K, Chichorro F, Deacon C, Fartmann T et al. Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects. Biological Conservation. 2020 Feb 9. 108427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108427