Speed of internationalization: Conceptualization, measurement and validation

Sylvie Chetty, Martin Johanson, Oscar Martín Martín

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

174 Citations (Scopus)


To better manage and understand the speed at which firms internationalize, managers and scholars need an appropriate conceptualization and a reliable and valid measure of speed of internationalization. The literature, however, adopts a limited temporal perspective and usually conceptualizes and measures it as the time it takes the firm to start to internationalize. This unidimensional view neglects the central aspects of internationalization that create speed. Our purpose is, therefore, to propose a new, theory-driven – embedded in the main concepts of the original Uppsala model – and multidimensional conceptualization and operationalization. The main contribution is that we develop this conceptualization and measure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-650
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number4
Early online date4 Jan 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


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