Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise

Robert Smith, Gerard McElwee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose — To explore and document the emerging international market for stolen tractors and plant in the United Kingdom. Whilst this may appear to be a criminological problem relating specifically to rural crime, it is a sophisticated international criminal business organised by traditional organised crime groups (OCGs) such as the Italian, Polish and Turkish Mafia’s in conjunction with a network of criminal entrepreneurs. Methodology/approach — Using annual statistical data provided by National Farmers Union (NFU) Mutual and Plant and Agricultural National Intelligence Unit (PANIU) and other material sourced using documentary research techniques supplemented by qualitative interviews with industry specialists we present 10 micro-case studies of rural OCGs engaged in this lucrative enterprise crime. The data is verified and authenticated using narrative inquiry techniques. Findings — There is an entrepreneurial dimension to the crime because traditional criminal families with knowledge of rural areas and rural social capital form alliances with OCGs. The practical utility of the NFU model of entrepreneurial alliances with interested parties including the police is highlighted. Research limitations/implications — Implications for research design, ethics and the conduct of such research which are identified and discussed. These include the need to develop an investigative framework to protect academic researchers similar to guidelines in place to protect investigative journalists. Practical implications — An investigative framework and the adaption of the business model canvass (Osterwalder & Pigneur, 2010) to cover illegal business models are proposed. Social implications — Suggestions are provided for the need to legislate against international criminal conspiracies. Originality/value — Uses a mixture of entrepreneurship and criminological theories to help develop an understanding of the problem from an investigative perspective.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationExploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise
Subtitle of host publicationNew Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice
EditorsGerard McElwee, Robert Smith
PublisherEmerald
Pages121-154
Number of pages34
Volume5
ISBN (Electronic)9781784415518
ISBN (Print)9781784415525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2015

Publication series

NameContemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
ISSN (Print)2040-7246

Fingerprint

Crime
Industry
Law enforcement
Theft
Organized crime
Alliances
Business model
Farmers

Cite this

Smith, R., & McElwee, G. (2015). Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise. In G. McElwee, & R. Smith (Eds.), Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice (Vol. 5, pp. 121-154). (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research). Emerald. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-724620150000005019
Smith, Robert ; McElwee, Gerard. / Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise. Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. editor / Gerard McElwee ; Robert Smith. Vol. 5 Emerald, 2015. pp. 121-154 (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research).
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Smith, R & McElwee, G 2015, Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise. in G McElwee & R Smith (eds), Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. vol. 5, Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research, Emerald, pp. 121-154. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-724620150000005019

Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise. / Smith, Robert; McElwee, Gerard.

Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. ed. / Gerard McElwee; Robert Smith. Vol. 5 Emerald, 2015. p. 121-154 (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise

AU - Smith, Robert

AU - McElwee, Gerard

PY - 2015/5/22

Y1 - 2015/5/22

N2 - Purpose — To explore and document the emerging international market for stolen tractors and plant in the United Kingdom. Whilst this may appear to be a criminological problem relating specifically to rural crime, it is a sophisticated international criminal business organised by traditional organised crime groups (OCGs) such as the Italian, Polish and Turkish Mafia’s in conjunction with a network of criminal entrepreneurs. Methodology/approach — Using annual statistical data provided by National Farmers Union (NFU) Mutual and Plant and Agricultural National Intelligence Unit (PANIU) and other material sourced using documentary research techniques supplemented by qualitative interviews with industry specialists we present 10 micro-case studies of rural OCGs engaged in this lucrative enterprise crime. The data is verified and authenticated using narrative inquiry techniques. Findings — There is an entrepreneurial dimension to the crime because traditional criminal families with knowledge of rural areas and rural social capital form alliances with OCGs. The practical utility of the NFU model of entrepreneurial alliances with interested parties including the police is highlighted. Research limitations/implications — Implications for research design, ethics and the conduct of such research which are identified and discussed. These include the need to develop an investigative framework to protect academic researchers similar to guidelines in place to protect investigative journalists. Practical implications — An investigative framework and the adaption of the business model canvass (Osterwalder & Pigneur, 2010) to cover illegal business models are proposed. Social implications — Suggestions are provided for the need to legislate against international criminal conspiracies. Originality/value — Uses a mixture of entrepreneurship and criminological theories to help develop an understanding of the problem from an investigative perspective.

AB - Purpose — To explore and document the emerging international market for stolen tractors and plant in the United Kingdom. Whilst this may appear to be a criminological problem relating specifically to rural crime, it is a sophisticated international criminal business organised by traditional organised crime groups (OCGs) such as the Italian, Polish and Turkish Mafia’s in conjunction with a network of criminal entrepreneurs. Methodology/approach — Using annual statistical data provided by National Farmers Union (NFU) Mutual and Plant and Agricultural National Intelligence Unit (PANIU) and other material sourced using documentary research techniques supplemented by qualitative interviews with industry specialists we present 10 micro-case studies of rural OCGs engaged in this lucrative enterprise crime. The data is verified and authenticated using narrative inquiry techniques. Findings — There is an entrepreneurial dimension to the crime because traditional criminal families with knowledge of rural areas and rural social capital form alliances with OCGs. The practical utility of the NFU model of entrepreneurial alliances with interested parties including the police is highlighted. Research limitations/implications — Implications for research design, ethics and the conduct of such research which are identified and discussed. These include the need to develop an investigative framework to protect academic researchers similar to guidelines in place to protect investigative journalists. Practical implications — An investigative framework and the adaption of the business model canvass (Osterwalder & Pigneur, 2010) to cover illegal business models are proposed. Social implications — Suggestions are provided for the need to legislate against international criminal conspiracies. Originality/value — Uses a mixture of entrepreneurship and criminological theories to help develop an understanding of the problem from an investigative perspective.

KW - Illegal entrepreneurship

KW - Illegal farmers

KW - Plant theft

KW - Tractor theft

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84944532638&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1108/S2040-724620150000005019

DO - 10.1108/S2040-724620150000005019

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781784415525

VL - 5

T3 - Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research

SP - 121

EP - 154

BT - Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise

A2 - McElwee, Gerard

A2 - Smith, Robert

PB - Emerald

ER -

Smith R, McElwee G. Stolen to Order! Tractor Theft as an Emerging International Criminal Enterprise. In McElwee G, Smith R, editors, Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. Vol. 5. Emerald. 2015. p. 121-154. (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research). https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-724620150000005019