Strategies for contextual reasoning with conflicts in ambient intelligence

Antonis Bikakis, Grigoris Antoniou, Panayiotis Hasapis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ambient Intelligence environments host various agents that collect, process, change and share the available context information. The imperfect nature of context, the open and dynamic nature of such environments and the special characteristics of ambient agents have introduced new research challenges in the study of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. This paper proposes a solution based on the Multi-Context Systems paradigm, according to which local knowledge of ambient agents is encoded in rule theories (contexts), and information flow between agents is achieved through mapping rules that associate concepts used by different contexts. To resolve potential inconsistencies that may arise from the interaction of contexts through their mappings (global conflicts), we use a preference ordering on the system contexts, which may express the confidence that an agent has in the knowledge imported by other agents. On top of this model, we have developed four alternative strategies for global conflicts resolution, which mainly differ in the type and extent of context and preference information that is used to resolve potential conflicts. The four strategies have been respectively implemented in four versions of a distributed algorithm for query evaluation and evaluated in a simulated P2P system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-84
Number of pages40
JournalKnowledge and Information Systems
Volume27
Issue number1
Early online date9 Apr 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

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