Structure-Function Relationships in Pectin Emulsification

F.M. Kpodo, J.K. Agbenorhevi, Jekaterina Alba, I.N. Oduro, Gordon Morris, Vasileios Kontogiorgos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The emulsifying characteristics of pectins isolated from six different okra genotypes were investigated and their structure-function relationships have been evaluated. Emulsion formation and stabilization of acidic oil-in-water emulsions (pH 2.0, φ = 0.1) were studied by means of droplet size distribution, ζ-potential measurements, viscometry, interfacial composition analysis and fluorescence microscopy. Fresh and aged emulsions differed in terms of droplet size distribution, interfacial protein and pectin concentrations (Γ) depending on the molecular properties of pectin that was used. Specifically, pectins with intermediate length of RG-I branching with molar ratio of (Ara + Gal)/Rha between 2 and 3 exhibit the optimum emulsification capacity whereas samples with the molar ratio outside this range do not favour emulsification. Additionally, low amounts of RG-I segments (HG/RG-I > 2) improve long term stability of emulsions as opposed to the samples that contain high amounts of RG-I (HG/RG-I < 2) which lead to long term instability. Protein was not found to be the controlling factor for the stability of the dispersions. The present results show that rational design of pectin should be sought before application as functional ingredient in food and/or pharmaceutical systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalFood Biophysics
Volume13
Issue number1
Early online date8 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

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Emulsification
emulsifying
structure-activity relationships
Emulsions
pectins
emulsions
Pectins
droplet size
Abelmoschus
Proteins
Fluorescence microscopy
Viscosity measurement
viscometry
Dispersions
Fluorescence Microscopy
okra
Drug products
Oils
fluorescence microscopy
Stabilization

Cite this

Kpodo, F. M., Agbenorhevi, J. K., Alba, J., Oduro, I. N., Morris, G., & Kontogiorgos, V. (2018). Structure-Function Relationships in Pectin Emulsification. Food Biophysics, 13(1), 71-79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11483-017-9513-4
Kpodo, F.M. ; Agbenorhevi, J.K. ; Alba, Jekaterina ; Oduro, I.N. ; Morris, Gordon ; Kontogiorgos, Vasileios. / Structure-Function Relationships in Pectin Emulsification. In: Food Biophysics. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 71-79.
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Kpodo, FM, Agbenorhevi, JK, Alba, J, Oduro, IN, Morris, G & Kontogiorgos, V 2018, 'Structure-Function Relationships in Pectin Emulsification', Food Biophysics, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 71-79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11483-017-9513-4

Structure-Function Relationships in Pectin Emulsification. / Kpodo, F.M.; Agbenorhevi, J.K.; Alba, Jekaterina; Oduro, I.N.; Morris, Gordon; Kontogiorgos, Vasileios.

In: Food Biophysics, Vol. 13, No. 1, 03.2018, p. 71-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Kpodo FM, Agbenorhevi JK, Alba J, Oduro IN, Morris G, Kontogiorgos V. Structure-Function Relationships in Pectin Emulsification. Food Biophysics. 2018 Mar;13(1):71-79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11483-017-9513-4