Surface characterization of okra hydrocolloid extract by inverse gas chromatography (IGC)

Maria Dimopoulou, Christos Ritzoulis, Costas Panayiotou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


An extensive surface characterization of okra hydrocolloid extract was conducted by means of inverse gas chromatography (IGC) at infinite dilution in three temperatures (40, 50, 60°C). The specific retention volume of 14 solvents, used as probes, was utilized for the assessment of the surface energy, the free energy of adsorption, as well as the relevant enthalpy and entropic component. The contribution to the surface energy of okra extract decreases with increasing temperature. Furthermore, surface characterization demonstrated that the okra extract matrix is Lewis amphoteric with predominantly basic character, as confirmed by the acidity and basicity constants KA and KB, respectively. The above were discussed in conjunction with X-ray diffractometry (XRD), size exclusion chromatography (SEC-MALLS/UV), and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


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