Sustainable humidity control in the built environment: Recent research and technological advancements in thermal driven dehumidification systems

Muhammad Usman Saeed Akhtar, Sulaiman O. Fadlallah, Muhammad Imran Khan, Faisal Asfand, Sami G. Al-Ghamdi, Rakesh Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

As we navigate an era marked by significant environmental concerns and technological advancements, the search for energy-efficient and ecological friendly solutions is more critical than ever. One area of growing significance is the control of indoor humidity levels, which not only impacts human comfort and health but also the structural integrity and air quality within buildings. The challenge is to control these levels while lessening energy consumption and environmental impact. A feasible solution lies in the use of thermal-driven dehumidifiers, a promising technology that offers a sustainable approach to humidity control. Thermal-driven dehumidifiers have emerged as promising solutions for humidity control in various applications, owing to their energy-saving and eco-friendly features. Thus, the focus of this review paper is to explore the most recent advancements and enhancements in thermal-driven dehumidification technologies. This includes systems based on solid desiccant, liquid desiccant, and thermoelectricity. The study aims to fill the existing literature gaps, providing a thorough analysis of the current state of these technologies, their performance indicators, and their potential for future development. The study also explores the suitability of these technologies for different ambient conditions and humidity loads. It addresses critical characteristics such as dehumidification efficiency, cooling capacity, regeneration heat, and energy consumption. Each technology is thoroughly examined, including its suitability for various ambient conditions and humidity load scenarios. Specific real-world examples are examined to highlight these technologies' practical importance and possible influence in tackling humidity management concerns.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113846
Number of pages21
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume304
Early online date4 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024

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