Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti)2(Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics

Bensu Tunca, Thomas Lapauw, Rémi Delville, Daniel R. Neuville, Louis Hennet, Dominique Thiaudière, Thierry Ouisse, Joke Hadermann, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Quasi phase-pure (>98 wt %) MAX phase solid solution ceramics with the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C stoichiometry and variable Zr/Ti ratios were synthesized by both reactive hot pressing and pressureless sintering of ZrH2, TiH2, Al, Sn, and C powder mixtures. The influence of the different processing parameters, such as applied pressure and sintering atmosphere, on phase purity and microstructure of the produced ceramics was investigated. The addition of Sn to the (Zr,Ti)2AlC system was the key to achieve phase purity. Its effect on the crystal structure of a 211-type MAX phase was assessed by calculating the distortions of the octahedral M6C and trigonal M6A prisms due to steric effects. The M6A prismatic distortion values were found to be smaller in Sn-containing double solid solutions than in the (Zr,Ti)2AlC MAX phases. The coefficients of thermal expansion along the and directions were measured by means of Rietveld refinement of high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction data of (Zr1-x,Tix)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C MAX phase solid solutions with x = 0, 0.3, 0.7, and 1. The thermal expansion coefficient data of the Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C solid solution were compared with those of the Ti2AlC and Ti2SnC ternary compounds. The thermal expansion anisotropy increased in the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C double solid solution MAX phases as compared to the Zr2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C and Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C end-members.

LanguageEnglish
Pages6669-6683
Number of pages15
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume58
Issue number10
Early online date1 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Solid solutions
solid solutions
ceramics
Thermal expansion
synthesis
thermal expansion
sintering
purity
Sintering
Rietveld refinement
hot pressing
Hot pressing
coefficients
Prisms
Synchrotrons
Stoichiometry
Powders
prisms
stoichiometry
synchrotrons

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Tunca, Bensu ; Lapauw, Thomas ; Delville, Rémi ; Neuville, Daniel R. ; Hennet, Louis ; Thiaudière, Dominique ; Ouisse, Thierry ; Hadermann, Joke ; Vleugels, Jozef ; Lambrinou, Konstantina. / Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti)2(Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 2019 ; Vol. 58, No. 10. pp. 6669-6683.
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abstract = "Quasi phase-pure (>98 wt {\%}) MAX phase solid solution ceramics with the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C stoichiometry and variable Zr/Ti ratios were synthesized by both reactive hot pressing and pressureless sintering of ZrH2, TiH2, Al, Sn, and C powder mixtures. The influence of the different processing parameters, such as applied pressure and sintering atmosphere, on phase purity and microstructure of the produced ceramics was investigated. The addition of Sn to the (Zr,Ti)2AlC system was the key to achieve phase purity. Its effect on the crystal structure of a 211-type MAX phase was assessed by calculating the distortions of the octahedral M6C and trigonal M6A prisms due to steric effects. The M6A prismatic distortion values were found to be smaller in Sn-containing double solid solutions than in the (Zr,Ti)2AlC MAX phases. The coefficients of thermal expansion along the and directions were measured by means of Rietveld refinement of high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction data of (Zr1-x,Tix)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C MAX phase solid solutions with x = 0, 0.3, 0.7, and 1. The thermal expansion coefficient data of the Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C solid solution were compared with those of the Ti2AlC and Ti2SnC ternary compounds. The thermal expansion anisotropy increased in the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C double solid solution MAX phases as compared to the Zr2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C and Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C end-members.",
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Tunca, B, Lapauw, T, Delville, R, Neuville, DR, Hennet, L, Thiaudière, D, Ouisse, T, Hadermann, J, Vleugels, J & Lambrinou, K 2019, 'Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti)2(Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 6669-6683. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00065

Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti)2(Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics. / Tunca, Bensu; Lapauw, Thomas; Delville, Rémi; Neuville, Daniel R.; Hennet, Louis; Thiaudière, Dominique; Ouisse, Thierry; Hadermann, Joke; Vleugels, Jozef; Lambrinou, Konstantina.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 58, No. 10, 20.05.2019, p. 6669-6683.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti)2(Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics

AU - Tunca, Bensu

AU - Lapauw, Thomas

AU - Delville, Rémi

AU - Neuville, Daniel R.

AU - Hennet, Louis

AU - Thiaudière, Dominique

AU - Ouisse, Thierry

AU - Hadermann, Joke

AU - Vleugels, Jozef

AU - Lambrinou, Konstantina

PY - 2019/5/20

Y1 - 2019/5/20

N2 - Quasi phase-pure (>98 wt %) MAX phase solid solution ceramics with the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C stoichiometry and variable Zr/Ti ratios were synthesized by both reactive hot pressing and pressureless sintering of ZrH2, TiH2, Al, Sn, and C powder mixtures. The influence of the different processing parameters, such as applied pressure and sintering atmosphere, on phase purity and microstructure of the produced ceramics was investigated. The addition of Sn to the (Zr,Ti)2AlC system was the key to achieve phase purity. Its effect on the crystal structure of a 211-type MAX phase was assessed by calculating the distortions of the octahedral M6C and trigonal M6A prisms due to steric effects. The M6A prismatic distortion values were found to be smaller in Sn-containing double solid solutions than in the (Zr,Ti)2AlC MAX phases. The coefficients of thermal expansion along the and directions were measured by means of Rietveld refinement of high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction data of (Zr1-x,Tix)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C MAX phase solid solutions with x = 0, 0.3, 0.7, and 1. The thermal expansion coefficient data of the Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C solid solution were compared with those of the Ti2AlC and Ti2SnC ternary compounds. The thermal expansion anisotropy increased in the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C double solid solution MAX phases as compared to the Zr2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C and Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C end-members.

AB - Quasi phase-pure (>98 wt %) MAX phase solid solution ceramics with the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C stoichiometry and variable Zr/Ti ratios were synthesized by both reactive hot pressing and pressureless sintering of ZrH2, TiH2, Al, Sn, and C powder mixtures. The influence of the different processing parameters, such as applied pressure and sintering atmosphere, on phase purity and microstructure of the produced ceramics was investigated. The addition of Sn to the (Zr,Ti)2AlC system was the key to achieve phase purity. Its effect on the crystal structure of a 211-type MAX phase was assessed by calculating the distortions of the octahedral M6C and trigonal M6A prisms due to steric effects. The M6A prismatic distortion values were found to be smaller in Sn-containing double solid solutions than in the (Zr,Ti)2AlC MAX phases. The coefficients of thermal expansion along the and directions were measured by means of Rietveld refinement of high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction data of (Zr1-x,Tix)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C MAX phase solid solutions with x = 0, 0.3, 0.7, and 1. The thermal expansion coefficient data of the Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C solid solution were compared with those of the Ti2AlC and Ti2SnC ternary compounds. The thermal expansion anisotropy increased in the (Zr,Ti)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C double solid solution MAX phases as compared to the Zr2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C and Ti2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C end-members.

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Tunca B, Lapauw T, Delville R, Neuville DR, Hennet L, Thiaudière D et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti)2(Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics. Inorganic Chemistry. 2019 May 20;58(10):6669-6683. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00065