Taurine and zebu admixture in Near Eastern cattle

A comparison of mitochondrial, autosomal and Y-chromosomal data

C. J. Edwards, J. F. Baird, D. E. MacHugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eight Bos taurus cattle breeds from the Near East region were screened with a Bos indicus (zebu)-diagnostic Y-specific microsatellite (INRA124) to estimate the proportion of zebu Y chromosomes in each population. This value was compared with previously published values for zebu introgression for both the mitochondrial and autosomal gene pools of the same breeds. All breeds revealed considerable levels of introgression from B. indicus cattle when the autosomal data were taken into consideration; this was particularly apparent in cattle populations from Iraq in the east, and declined in the populations further west towards Anatolia. This non-random pattern of introgression and admixture is suggestive of the introduction of zebu cattle from the region corresponding to present-day Iran and northern Pakistan. In addition, the maternal and paternal markers demonstrate that the movement of cattle into and within the Near East was complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-524
Number of pages5
JournalAnimal Genetics
Volume38
Issue number5
Early online date24 Aug 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taurine
taurine
zebu
cattle
introgression
Middle East
breeds
Iraq
cattle breeds
Y chromosome
Pakistan
Iran
microsatellite repeats
Population
Gene Pool
Mitochondrial Genes
Y Chromosome
Microsatellite Repeats
Mothers

Cite this

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Taurine and zebu admixture in Near Eastern cattle : A comparison of mitochondrial, autosomal and Y-chromosomal data. / Edwards, C. J.; Baird, J. F.; MacHugh, D. E.

In: Animal Genetics, Vol. 38, No. 5, 01.10.2007, p. 520-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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