Silver complexes of tethered N-heterocyclic carbene-carboranyl ligands have been prepared and fully characterized. The first example of silver bonded directly to the cage of o-carborane has been identified in the solid state. The presence of a carboranyl N substituent on the N-heterocyclic carbene significantly enhances the in vitro cytotoxicity of the silver complex against HCT116 p53+/+ and HCT116 p53-/- colon cancer cells in comparison to a phenyl derivative. Conversely, the presence of a carboranyl on the backbone of a xanthine-derived N-heterocyclic carbene decreases the in vitro cytotoxicity of the silver complex in comparison to its phenyl derivative. Stability studies on the xanthine-derived ligands and complexes show that decomposition via deboronation occurs in hydrous dimethyl sulfoxide, which may attribute to the contrasting in vitro behaviors of the carborane-containing complexes.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Jun 2019|