A school of thought considers finishing as the final step and considers finishing as preparing the fabric or fiber for the consumer and excludes fabric preparation and coloration. This chapter discusses the school of thought and focuses primarily on finishing steps, which occur post coloration. Textile finishes generally fall into two classes: dry or mechanical finishes, such as calendaring or mangling, and wet or chemical finishes, such as fluorochemical or flame retardancy. The application and formulation of chemical finishes depend on several factors such as the compatibility of different chemical finishes, the nature of the material to be treated, and the chemistry of the functional chemical. Easy-care finishes are often applied by a pad–dry–cure procedure, where the crosslinking agent, catalyst, softener, and any other components are dried onto the fabric before the curing step, which causes the crosslinking reaction to occur.
|Title of host publication||Textile and Clothing Design Technology|
|Editors||Tom Cassidy, Parikshit Goswami|
|Number of pages||17|
|ISBN (Print)||9781498796392, 9780367572587|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Jan 2018|