Textile Technologies for the manufacture of three-dimensional preforms

Natalie Ishmael, Anura Fernando, Sonja Andrew, Lindsey Waterton Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – This paper aims to provide an overview of the current manufacturing methods for three dimensional textile preforms while providing experimental data on the emerging techniques of combining yarn interlocking with yarn interlooping.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the key textile technologies used for composite manufacture: braiding, weaving and knitting. The various textile preforming methods are suited to different applications; their capabilities and end performance characteristics are analysed.

Findings – Such preforms are used in composites in a wide range of industries, from aerospace to medical and automotive to civil engineering. The paper highlights how the use of knitting technology for preform manufacture has gained wider acceptance due to its flexibility in design and shaping capabilities. The tensile properties of glass fibre knit structures containing inlay yarns interlocked between knitted loops are given,highlighting the importance of reinforcement yarns.

Originality/value – The future trends of reinforcement yarns in knitted structures for improved tensile properties are discussed, with initial experimental data.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberRJTA-06-2017-0034.R1
Pages342-362
Number of pages22
JournalResearch Journal of Textiles and Apparel
Volume21
Issue number4
Early online date4 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Yarn
Textiles
Tensile properties
Reinforcement
Preforming
Composite materials
Civil engineering
Glass fibers
Industry

Cite this

Ishmael, Natalie ; Fernando, Anura ; Andrew, Sonja ; Waterton Taylor, Lindsey. / Textile Technologies for the manufacture of three-dimensional preforms. In: Research Journal of Textiles and Apparel. 2017 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 342-362.
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abstract = "Purpose – This paper aims to provide an overview of the current manufacturing methods for three dimensional textile preforms while providing experimental data on the emerging techniques of combining yarn interlocking with yarn interlooping. Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the key textile technologies used for composite manufacture: braiding, weaving and knitting. The various textile preforming methods are suited to different applications; their capabilities and end performance characteristics are analysed.Findings – Such preforms are used in composites in a wide range of industries, from aerospace to medical and automotive to civil engineering. The paper highlights how the use of knitting technology for preform manufacture has gained wider acceptance due to its flexibility in design and shaping capabilities. The tensile properties of glass fibre knit structures containing inlay yarns interlocked between knitted loops are given,highlighting the importance of reinforcement yarns.Originality/value – The future trends of reinforcement yarns in knitted structures for improved tensile properties are discussed, with initial experimental data.",
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author = "Natalie Ishmael and Anura Fernando and Sonja Andrew and {Waterton Taylor}, Lindsey",
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Ishmael, N, Fernando, A, Andrew, S & Waterton Taylor, L 2017, 'Textile Technologies for the manufacture of three-dimensional preforms', Research Journal of Textiles and Apparel, vol. 21, no. 4, RJTA-06-2017-0034.R1, pp. 342-362. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-06-2017-0034

Textile Technologies for the manufacture of three-dimensional preforms. / Ishmael, Natalie; Fernando, Anura; Andrew, Sonja; Waterton Taylor, Lindsey.

In: Research Journal of Textiles and Apparel, Vol. 21, No. 4, RJTA-06-2017-0034.R1, 2017, p. 342-362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ishmael, Natalie

AU - Fernando, Anura

AU - Andrew, Sonja

AU - Waterton Taylor, Lindsey

PY - 2017

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AB - Purpose – This paper aims to provide an overview of the current manufacturing methods for three dimensional textile preforms while providing experimental data on the emerging techniques of combining yarn interlocking with yarn interlooping. Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the key textile technologies used for composite manufacture: braiding, weaving and knitting. The various textile preforming methods are suited to different applications; their capabilities and end performance characteristics are analysed.Findings – Such preforms are used in composites in a wide range of industries, from aerospace to medical and automotive to civil engineering. The paper highlights how the use of knitting technology for preform manufacture has gained wider acceptance due to its flexibility in design and shaping capabilities. The tensile properties of glass fibre knit structures containing inlay yarns interlocked between knitted loops are given,highlighting the importance of reinforcement yarns.Originality/value – The future trends of reinforcement yarns in knitted structures for improved tensile properties are discussed, with initial experimental data.

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