Textile Technologies for the manufacture of three-dimensional preforms

Natalie Ishmael, Anura Fernando, Sonja Andrew, Lindsey Waterton Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – This paper aims to provide an overview of the current manufacturing methods for three dimensional textile preforms while providing experimental data on the emerging techniques of combining yarn interlocking with yarn interlooping.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the key textile technologies used for composite manufacture: braiding, weaving and knitting. The various textile preforming methods are suited to different applications; their capabilities and end performance characteristics are analysed.

Findings – Such preforms are used in composites in a wide range of industries, from aerospace to medical and automotive to civil engineering. The paper highlights how the use of knitting technology for preform manufacture has gained wider acceptance due to its flexibility in design and shaping capabilities. The tensile properties of glass fibre knit structures containing inlay yarns interlocked between knitted loops are given,highlighting the importance of reinforcement yarns.

Originality/value – The future trends of reinforcement yarns in knitted structures for improved tensile properties are discussed, with initial experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberRJTA-06-2017-0034.R1
Pages (from-to)342-362
Number of pages22
JournalResearch Journal of Textiles and Apparel
Issue number4
Early online date4 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2017


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