The African Diaspora

Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade

Antonio Salas, Martin Richards, María Victoria Lareu, Rosaria Scozzari, Alfredo Coppa, Antonio Torroni, Vincent Macaulay, Angel Carracedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

182 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Between the 15th and 19th centuries AD, the Atlantic slave trade resulted in the forced movement of ∼13 million people from Africa, mainly to the Americas. Only ∼11 million survived the passage, and many more died in the early years of captivity. We have studied 481 mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) of recent African ancestry in the Americas and in Eurasia, in an attempt to trace them back to particular regions of Africa. Our results show that mtDNAs in America and Eurasia can, in many cases, be traced to broad geographical regions within Africa, largely in accordance with historical evidence, and raise the possibility that a greater resolution may be possible in the future. However, they also indicate that, at least for the moment, considerable caution is warranted when assessing claims to be able to trace the ancestry of particular lineages to a particular locality within modern-day Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-465
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume74
Issue number3
Early online date10 Feb 2004
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Slaves
Mitochondrial DNA

Cite this

Salas, A., Richards, M., Lareu, M. V., Scozzari, R., Coppa, A., Torroni, A., ... Carracedo, A. (2004). The African Diaspora: Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade. American Journal of Human Genetics, 74(3), 454-465. https://doi.org/10.1086/382194
Salas, Antonio ; Richards, Martin ; Lareu, María Victoria ; Scozzari, Rosaria ; Coppa, Alfredo ; Torroni, Antonio ; Macaulay, Vincent ; Carracedo, Angel. / The African Diaspora : Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade. In: American Journal of Human Genetics. 2004 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 454-465.
@article{9bfa710f9cf3413296db509157ad9623,
title = "The African Diaspora: Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade",
abstract = "Between the 15th and 19th centuries AD, the Atlantic slave trade resulted in the forced movement of ∼13 million people from Africa, mainly to the Americas. Only ∼11 million survived the passage, and many more died in the early years of captivity. We have studied 481 mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) of recent African ancestry in the Americas and in Eurasia, in an attempt to trace them back to particular regions of Africa. Our results show that mtDNAs in America and Eurasia can, in many cases, be traced to broad geographical regions within Africa, largely in accordance with historical evidence, and raise the possibility that a greater resolution may be possible in the future. However, they also indicate that, at least for the moment, considerable caution is warranted when assessing claims to be able to trace the ancestry of particular lineages to a particular locality within modern-day Africa.",
author = "Antonio Salas and Martin Richards and Lareu, {Mar{\'i}a Victoria} and Rosaria Scozzari and Alfredo Coppa and Antonio Torroni and Vincent Macaulay and Angel Carracedo",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1086/382194",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "454--465",
journal = "American Journal of Human Genetics",
issn = "0002-9297",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "3",

}

Salas, A, Richards, M, Lareu, MV, Scozzari, R, Coppa, A, Torroni, A, Macaulay, V & Carracedo, A 2004, 'The African Diaspora: Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade', American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 454-465. https://doi.org/10.1086/382194

The African Diaspora : Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade. / Salas, Antonio; Richards, Martin; Lareu, María Victoria; Scozzari, Rosaria; Coppa, Alfredo; Torroni, Antonio; Macaulay, Vincent; Carracedo, Angel.

In: American Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 74, No. 3, 03.2004, p. 454-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The African Diaspora

T2 - Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade

AU - Salas, Antonio

AU - Richards, Martin

AU - Lareu, María Victoria

AU - Scozzari, Rosaria

AU - Coppa, Alfredo

AU - Torroni, Antonio

AU - Macaulay, Vincent

AU - Carracedo, Angel

PY - 2004/3

Y1 - 2004/3

N2 - Between the 15th and 19th centuries AD, the Atlantic slave trade resulted in the forced movement of ∼13 million people from Africa, mainly to the Americas. Only ∼11 million survived the passage, and many more died in the early years of captivity. We have studied 481 mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) of recent African ancestry in the Americas and in Eurasia, in an attempt to trace them back to particular regions of Africa. Our results show that mtDNAs in America and Eurasia can, in many cases, be traced to broad geographical regions within Africa, largely in accordance with historical evidence, and raise the possibility that a greater resolution may be possible in the future. However, they also indicate that, at least for the moment, considerable caution is warranted when assessing claims to be able to trace the ancestry of particular lineages to a particular locality within modern-day Africa.

AB - Between the 15th and 19th centuries AD, the Atlantic slave trade resulted in the forced movement of ∼13 million people from Africa, mainly to the Americas. Only ∼11 million survived the passage, and many more died in the early years of captivity. We have studied 481 mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) of recent African ancestry in the Americas and in Eurasia, in an attempt to trace them back to particular regions of Africa. Our results show that mtDNAs in America and Eurasia can, in many cases, be traced to broad geographical regions within Africa, largely in accordance with historical evidence, and raise the possibility that a greater resolution may be possible in the future. However, they also indicate that, at least for the moment, considerable caution is warranted when assessing claims to be able to trace the ancestry of particular lineages to a particular locality within modern-day Africa.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1542314304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/382194

DO - 10.1086/382194

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 454

EP - 465

JO - American Journal of Human Genetics

JF - American Journal of Human Genetics

SN - 0002-9297

IS - 3

ER -