The Archaeogenetics of European Ancestry

Maria Pala, Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Pedro Soares, Martin Richards

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Abstract

The archaeogenetics of Europe remains deeply controversial. Advances in ancient deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis have suggested gene flow between Neanderthals and modern humans, who arrived in Europe <50 000 years ago, but have so far failed to support evolution of Neanderthals from a population of Homo heidelbergensis represented by remains in northern Spain. The extent to which European Mesolithic forager populations versus Neolithic pioneers from the Near East contributed to the extant gene pool of Europeans also continues to be contested. Whilst analyses of extant mitochondrial lineages have emphasised late Palaeolithic and Mesolithic expansions, ancient DNA (aDNA) results suggest significant Neolithic dispersals from the southern ‘refugial’ zone into the northern ‘bio-tidal’ zone. However, whether these had a primarily Near Eastern or North Mediterranean source remains a matter for debate. Meanwhile, aDNA has also begun to highlight an important role for later dispersals, especially during the late Neolithic, in shaping the European gene pool.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences
PublisherWiley
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2014

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ancestry
Neanderthal
Mesolithic
DNA
gene
Paleolithic
gene flow
Europe
analysis

Cite this

Pala, M., Chaubey, G., Soares, P., & Richards, M. (2014). The Archaeogenetics of European Ancestry. In Encyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0024624
Pala, Maria ; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer ; Soares, Pedro ; Richards, Martin. / The Archaeogenetics of European Ancestry. Encyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences. Wiley, 2014.
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Pala, M, Chaubey, G, Soares, P & Richards, M 2014, The Archaeogenetics of European Ancestry. in Encyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0024624

The Archaeogenetics of European Ancestry. / Pala, Maria; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Soares, Pedro ; Richards, Martin.

Encyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences. Wiley, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

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Pala M, Chaubey G, Soares P, Richards M. The Archaeogenetics of European Ancestry. In Encyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences. Wiley. 2014 https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0024624