This article discusses some of the key contributions of the Bolshevik Revolution to the colonial nations such as India and puts them into historical context. It argues that the Bolshevik revolution and its leaders, especially V.I. Lenin should be recognised as making a major contribution to the anti-colonial struggle and the fight to achieve equality in the community of world of nations. This article then points out how Lenin has provided assistance to the struggle to achieve freedom and end to colonialism. He wrote in support of the people who were oppressed for centuries in the colonies and also invited them to Moscow and discussed with them about their situation. Colonialism produced economic backwardness in India and British colonial rule led to the huge change in the Indian economy to fit the interests of British ruling elites i.e. merchants and industrialists. The study concludes that the Bolshevik Revolution dealt a significant blow to the imperialist countries. Despite the collapse of Soviet Union, there is no doubt that the Bolshevik revolution had changed the world history. It made de-colonisation possible and contributed to the defeat of fascism.