The BowTie as a Digital Twin: How a BowTie Looks Different from a Data Perspective

Paul Singh, Coen van Gulijk, Neil Sunderland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work follows from a research project for safety management system re-engineering that turned a safety BowTie into a digital twin. A digital twin is a model embedded in software that mirrors a specific aspect of a real system; the aspect in this case is the risk space associated with a process. The well-known BowTie is the model that turns out to be singularly well suited as a digital twin from the risk perspective as it maps out the risk space together with real-life controls. However, for a BowTie to be a high-fidelity digital twin of a real system, the rules and processes for designing and operating a BowTie are changed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
Number of pages20
Issue number2
Early online date31 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024

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